Pavement-Watering for Cooling the Built Environment: A Review

Preprint English OPEN
Hendel , Martin (2016)
  • Publisher: HAL CCSD
  • Subject: urban heat island | built environment | [ SPI.MECA.THER ] Engineering Sciences [physics]/Mechanics []/Thermics [physics.class-ph] | climate change adaptation | pavement-watering | urban climate

Pavement-watering is being considered by decision-makers in many cities as a means of cooling the built environment and of adapting to rising extreme heat events due to climate change. In this article we review the existing literature on the topic of pavement-watering. We first focus on the methodological choices made in the literature, including study approach and scale, watering methods used as well as how results are analyzed. We then discuss the cooling effects reported, separating micro-climatic and thermal effects. From the review, we identify common trends in reported results as well as certain common flaws and blindspots. On this basis, recommendations for future work on pavement-watering are made.
  • References (23)
    23 references, page 1 of 3

    Bouvier, Michel, Antoine Brunner, and François Aimé. 2013. “Nighttime Watering Streets and Induced Effects on the Surrounding Refreshment in Case of Hot Weather. The City of Paris Experimentations.” Techniques Sciences Méthodes (12):43-55 (in French).

    Hendel, Martin. 2015. “Pavement-Watering in Cities for Urban Heat Island Mitigation and Climate Change Adaptation : A Study of Its Cooling Effects and Water Consumption in Paris, France.” Université Paris.Diderot (Paris 7) Sorbonne Paris Cité. Retrieved (

    Hendel, Martin, Morgane Colombert, Youssef Diab, and Laurent Royon. 2014. “Improving a PavementWatering Method on the Basis of Pavement Surface Temperature Measurements.” Urban Climate 10(December):189-200. Retrieved January 5, 2015 (

    Hendel, Martin, Morgane Colombert, Youssef Diab, and Laurent Royon. 2015a. “An Analysis of Pavement Heat Flux to Optimize the Water Efficiency of a Pavement-Watering Method.” Applied Thermal Engineering 78:658-69. Retrieved February 10, 2015 (

    Hendel, Martin, Morgane Colombert, Youssef Diab, and Laurent Royon. 2015b. “Measurement of the Cooling Efficiency of Pavement-Watering as an Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technique.” Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems 3(1):1-11. Retrieved December 11, 2014 (

    Hendel, Martin, Pierre Gutierrez, Morgane Colombert, Youssef Diab, and Laurent Royon. 2016. “Measuring the Effects of Urban Heat Island Mitigation Techniques in the Field: Application to the Case of Pavement-Watering in Paris.” Urban Climate 16:43-58. Retrieved (

    Hendel, Martin and Laurent Royon. 2015. “The Effect of Pavement-Watering on Subsurface Pavement Temperatures.” Urban Climate 14:650-54. Retrieved (

    IPCC. 2013. “Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Summary for Policymakers.” Ipcc 1-29. Water Forum. 2015. “Let's (

    Johansson, Erik, Sofia Thorsson, Rohinton Emmanuel, and Eduardo Krüger. 2014. “Instruments and Methods in Outdoor Thermal Comfort Studies - The Need for Standardization.” Urban Climate. Retrieved January 22, 2014 (

    Kinouchi, Tsuyoshi and Manabu Kanda. 1997. “An Observation on the Climatic Effect of Watering on Paved Roads.” Journal of Hydroscience and Hydraulic Engineering 15(1):55-64.

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