publication . Article . 2017

Estimating Herd Immunity to Amphibian Chytridiomycosis in Madagascar Based on the Defensive Function of Amphibian Skin Bacteria

Bletz, Molly C.; Myers, Jillian; Woodhams, Douglas C.; Rabemananjara, Falitiana C. E.; Rakotonirina, Angela; Weldon, Che; Edmonds, Devin; Vences, Miguel; Harris, Reid N.;
Open Access
  • Published: 13 Sep 2017 Journal: volume 8issn: 1664-302X, eissn: 1664-302X, Copyright policy
  • Publisher: Frontiers
Abstract
For decades, Amphibians have been globally threatened by the still expanding infectious disease, chytridiomycosis. Madagascar is an amphibian biodiversity hotspot where Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has only recently been detected. While no Bd-associated population declines have been reported, the risk of declines is high when invasive virulent lineages become involved. Cutaneous bacteria contribute to host innate immunity by providing defense against pathogens for numerous animals, including amphibians. Little is known, however, about the cutaneous bacterial residents of Malagasy amphibians and the functional capacity they have against Bd. We cultured 317...
Subjects
free text keywords: Anti-bd Bacteria, Chytridiomycosis, Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis, Microbiology, Veröffentlichung der TU Braunschweig, Original Research, Amphibians, Skin Bacteria, ddc:57, ddc:5
62 references, page 1 of 5

Anderson, R. M., and May, R. M. (1985). Vaccination and herd immunity to infectious diseases. Nature 318, 323-329. doi: 10.1038/318323a0

Antwis, R. E., Preziosi, R. F., Harrison, X. A., and Garner, T. W. (2015). Amphibian symbiotic bacteria do not show universal ability to inhibit growth of the global pandemic lineage of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 81, 3706-3711. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00010-15

Balcázar, J. L., Rojas-Luna, T., and Cunningham, D. P. (2007). Effect of the addition of four potential probiotic strains on the survival of pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) following immersion challenge with Vibrio parahaemolyticus. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 96, 147-150. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2007.04.008

Becker, M. H., and Harris, R. N. (2010). Cutaneous bacteria of the redback salamander prevent morbidity associated with a lethal disease. PLoS ONE 5:e10957. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010957

Becker, M. H., Walke, J. B., Murrill, L., Woodhams, D. C., Reinert, L. K., Rollins-Smith, L. A., et al. (2015). Phylogenetic distribution of symbiotic bacteria from Panamanian amphibians that inhibit growth of the lethal fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Mol. Ecol. 24, 1628-1641. doi: 10.1111/mec.13135 [OpenAIRE]

Bell, S. C., Alford, R. A., Garland, S., Padilla, G., and Thomas, A. D. (2013). Screening bacterial metabolites for inhibitory effects against Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis using a spectrophotometric assay. Dis. Aquat. Organ. 103, 77-85. doi: 10.3354/dao02560

Berger, L., Speare, R., Daszak, P., Green, D. E., Cunningham, A. A., Goggin, C. L., et al. (1998). Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95, 9031-9036. doi: 10.1073/pnas.95. 15.9031 [OpenAIRE]

Bletz, M. C., Archer, H., Harris, R. N., McKenzie, V., Rabemananjara, F. C. E., Rakotoarison, A., et al. (2017). Host ecology rather than host phylogeny drives amphibian skin microbial community structure in the biodiversity hotspot of Madagascar. Front. Microbiol. 8:1530. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01530

Bletz, M. C., Loudon, A. H., Becker, M. H., Bell, S. C., Woodhams, D. C., Minbiole, K. P. C., et al. (2013). Mitigating amphibian chytridiomycosis with bioaugmentation: characteristics of effective probiotics and strategies for their selection and use. Ecol. Lett. 16, 807-820. doi: 10.1111/ele.12099

Bletz, M. C., Rosa, G. M., Crottini, E. A., Andreone, F., Schmeller, D. S., Rabibisoa, N. H. C., et al. (2015). Widespread presence of the pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in wild amphibian communities in Madagascar. Sci. Rep. 5:8633. doi: 10.1038/srep08633

Brown, J. L., Sillero, N., Glaw, F., Bora, P., Vieites, D. R., and Vences, M. (2016). Spatial biodiversity patterns of Madagascar's amphibians and reptiles. PLoS ONE 11:e144076. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144076

Brucker, R. M., Baylor, C. M., Walters, R. L., Lauer, A., Harris, R. N., and Minbiole, K. P. C. (2008a). The identification of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol as an antifungal metabolite produced by cutaneous bacteria of the salamander Plethodon cinereus. J. Chem. Ecol. 34, 39-43. doi: 10.1007/s10886-007-9352-8

Brucker, R. M., Harris, R. N., Schwantes, C. R., Gallaher, T. N., Flaherty, D. C., Lam, B. A., et al. (2008b). Amphibian chemical defense: antifungal metabolites of the microsymbiont Janthinobacterium lividum on the salamander Plethodon cinereus. J. Chem. Ecol. 34, 1422-1429. doi: 10.1007/s10886-008-9555-7

Cafaro, M. J., Poulsen, M., Little, A. E. F., Price, S. L., Gerardo, N. M., Wong, B., et al. (2011). Specificity in the symbiotic association between fungus-growing ants and protective Pseudonocardia bacteria. Proc. Biol. Sci. 278, 1814-1822. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.2118 [OpenAIRE]

Caporaso, J. G., Kuczynski, J., Stombaugh, J., Bittinger, K., Bushman, F. D., and Costello, E. K. (2010). QIIME allows analysis of high-throughput community sequencing data. Nat. Methods 7, 335-336. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.f.303

62 references, page 1 of 5
Abstract
For decades, Amphibians have been globally threatened by the still expanding infectious disease, chytridiomycosis. Madagascar is an amphibian biodiversity hotspot where Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has only recently been detected. While no Bd-associated population declines have been reported, the risk of declines is high when invasive virulent lineages become involved. Cutaneous bacteria contribute to host innate immunity by providing defense against pathogens for numerous animals, including amphibians. Little is known, however, about the cutaneous bacterial residents of Malagasy amphibians and the functional capacity they have against Bd. We cultured 317...
Subjects
free text keywords: Anti-bd Bacteria, Chytridiomycosis, Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis, Microbiology, Veröffentlichung der TU Braunschweig, Original Research, Amphibians, Skin Bacteria, ddc:57, ddc:5
62 references, page 1 of 5

Anderson, R. M., and May, R. M. (1985). Vaccination and herd immunity to infectious diseases. Nature 318, 323-329. doi: 10.1038/318323a0

Antwis, R. E., Preziosi, R. F., Harrison, X. A., and Garner, T. W. (2015). Amphibian symbiotic bacteria do not show universal ability to inhibit growth of the global pandemic lineage of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 81, 3706-3711. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00010-15

Balcázar, J. L., Rojas-Luna, T., and Cunningham, D. P. (2007). Effect of the addition of four potential probiotic strains on the survival of pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) following immersion challenge with Vibrio parahaemolyticus. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 96, 147-150. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2007.04.008

Becker, M. H., and Harris, R. N. (2010). Cutaneous bacteria of the redback salamander prevent morbidity associated with a lethal disease. PLoS ONE 5:e10957. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010957

Becker, M. H., Walke, J. B., Murrill, L., Woodhams, D. C., Reinert, L. K., Rollins-Smith, L. A., et al. (2015). Phylogenetic distribution of symbiotic bacteria from Panamanian amphibians that inhibit growth of the lethal fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Mol. Ecol. 24, 1628-1641. doi: 10.1111/mec.13135 [OpenAIRE]

Bell, S. C., Alford, R. A., Garland, S., Padilla, G., and Thomas, A. D. (2013). Screening bacterial metabolites for inhibitory effects against Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis using a spectrophotometric assay. Dis. Aquat. Organ. 103, 77-85. doi: 10.3354/dao02560

Berger, L., Speare, R., Daszak, P., Green, D. E., Cunningham, A. A., Goggin, C. L., et al. (1998). Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95, 9031-9036. doi: 10.1073/pnas.95. 15.9031 [OpenAIRE]

Bletz, M. C., Archer, H., Harris, R. N., McKenzie, V., Rabemananjara, F. C. E., Rakotoarison, A., et al. (2017). Host ecology rather than host phylogeny drives amphibian skin microbial community structure in the biodiversity hotspot of Madagascar. Front. Microbiol. 8:1530. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01530

Bletz, M. C., Loudon, A. H., Becker, M. H., Bell, S. C., Woodhams, D. C., Minbiole, K. P. C., et al. (2013). Mitigating amphibian chytridiomycosis with bioaugmentation: characteristics of effective probiotics and strategies for their selection and use. Ecol. Lett. 16, 807-820. doi: 10.1111/ele.12099

Bletz, M. C., Rosa, G. M., Crottini, E. A., Andreone, F., Schmeller, D. S., Rabibisoa, N. H. C., et al. (2015). Widespread presence of the pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in wild amphibian communities in Madagascar. Sci. Rep. 5:8633. doi: 10.1038/srep08633

Brown, J. L., Sillero, N., Glaw, F., Bora, P., Vieites, D. R., and Vences, M. (2016). Spatial biodiversity patterns of Madagascar's amphibians and reptiles. PLoS ONE 11:e144076. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144076

Brucker, R. M., Baylor, C. M., Walters, R. L., Lauer, A., Harris, R. N., and Minbiole, K. P. C. (2008a). The identification of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol as an antifungal metabolite produced by cutaneous bacteria of the salamander Plethodon cinereus. J. Chem. Ecol. 34, 39-43. doi: 10.1007/s10886-007-9352-8

Brucker, R. M., Harris, R. N., Schwantes, C. R., Gallaher, T. N., Flaherty, D. C., Lam, B. A., et al. (2008b). Amphibian chemical defense: antifungal metabolites of the microsymbiont Janthinobacterium lividum on the salamander Plethodon cinereus. J. Chem. Ecol. 34, 1422-1429. doi: 10.1007/s10886-008-9555-7

Cafaro, M. J., Poulsen, M., Little, A. E. F., Price, S. L., Gerardo, N. M., Wong, B., et al. (2011). Specificity in the symbiotic association between fungus-growing ants and protective Pseudonocardia bacteria. Proc. Biol. Sci. 278, 1814-1822. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.2118 [OpenAIRE]

Caporaso, J. G., Kuczynski, J., Stombaugh, J., Bittinger, K., Bushman, F. D., and Costello, E. K. (2010). QIIME allows analysis of high-throughput community sequencing data. Nat. Methods 7, 335-336. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.f.303

62 references, page 1 of 5
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publication . Article . 2017

Estimating Herd Immunity to Amphibian Chytridiomycosis in Madagascar Based on the Defensive Function of Amphibian Skin Bacteria

Bletz, Molly C.; Myers, Jillian; Woodhams, Douglas C.; Rabemananjara, Falitiana C. E.; Rakotonirina, Angela; Weldon, Che; Edmonds, Devin; Vences, Miguel; Harris, Reid N.;