Subject: lung-cancer mortality | follow-up | male british doctors | cessation | men | coronary-heart-disease | cohort | Research Paper | prevention | age | women
Study objective: To study the effect of long-term smoking on all-cause and cause-specific mortality, and to estimate the effects of cigarette and cigar or pipe smoking on life expectancy. Design: A long-term prospective cohort study. Setting: Zutphen, The Netherlands. P... View more
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Study objective: To study the effect of long-term smoking on all-cause and cause-specific mortality, and to estimate the effects of cigarette and cigar or pipe smoking on life expectancy. Design: A long-term prospective cohort study. Setting: Zutphen, The Netherlands. P...
Mortality and life expectancy in relation to long‐term cigarette, cigar and pipe smoking: The Zutphen Study