Mortality and life expectancy in relation to long-term cigarette, cigar and pipe smoking: The Zutphen Study

Other literature type, Article English OPEN
Streppel, M.T.; Boshuizen, H.C.; Ocké, M.C.; Kok, F.J.; Kromhout, D.;
(2007)
  • Publisher: BMJ Group
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC2598467, doi: 10.1136/tc.2006.017715
  • Subject: lung-cancer mortality | follow-up | male british doctors | cessation | men | coronary-heart-disease | cohort | Research Paper | prevention | age | women

Study objective: To study the effect of long-term smoking on all-cause and cause-specific mortality, and to estimate the effects of cigarette and cigar or pipe smoking on life expectancy. Design: A long-term prospective cohort study. Setting: Zutphen, The Netherlands. P... View more
  • References (34)
    34 references, page 1 of 4

    1 Fagerstrom K. The epidemiology of smoking: health consequences and benefits of cessation. Drugs 2002;62(Suppl 2):1-9.

    2 US Department of Health and Human Services. The health benefits of smoking cessation, A report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human science, 1990.

    3 Rigotti NA, Pasternak RC. Cigarette smoking and coronary heart disease: risks and management. Cardiol Clin 1996;14:51-68.

    4 Doll R, Peto R, Boreham J, et al. Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years' observations on male British doctors. BMJ 2004;328:1519.

    5 Jacobs EJ, Thun MJ, Apicella LF. Cigar smoking and death from coronary heart disease in a prospective study of US men. Arch Intern Med 1999;159:2413-18.

    6 Shaper AG, Wannamethee SG, Walker M. Pipe and cigar smoking and major cardiovascular events, cancer incidence and all-cause mortality in middle-aged British men. Int J Epidemiol 2003;32:802-8.

    7 Henley SJ, Thun MJ, Chao A, et al. Association between exclusive pipe smoking and mortality from cancer and other diseases. J Natl Cancer Inst 2004;96:853-61.

    8 Leffondre K, Abrahamowicz M, Siemiatycki J, et al. Modeling smoking history: a comparison of different approaches. Am J Epidemiol 2002;156:813-23.

    9 Lam TH, He Y, Shi QL, et al. Smoking, quitting, and mortality in a Chinese cohort of retired men. Ann Epidemiol 2002;12:316-20.

    10 Knoke JD, Shanks TG, Vaughn JW, et al. Lung cancer mortality is related to age in addition to duration and intensity of cigarette smoking: an analysis of CPS-I data. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2004;13:949-57.

  • Metrics
Share - Bookmark