Surgical treatment of 137 cases with chronic subdural hematoma at the university clinical center of Kosovo during the period 2008–2012

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Mekaj, Agon Y. ; Morina, Arsim A. ; Mekaj, Ymer H. ; Manxhuka-Kerliu, Suzana ; Miftari, Ermira I. ; Duci, Shkelzen B. ; Hamza, Astrit R. ; Gashi, Musli M. ; Xhelaj, Mentor R. ; Kelmendi, Fatos M. ; Morina, Qamile Sh. (2015)
  • Publisher: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
  • Journal: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice, volume 6, issue 2, pages 186-190 (issn: 0976-3147, eissn: 0976-3155)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.4103/0976-3147.153225, pmc: PMC4387809
  • Subject: Original Article | Burr-hole trepanation | hematoma recurrence | Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry | RC321-571 | chronic subdural hematoma | subdural drainage

Background: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is frequent pathology in neurosurgical practice. The aim of this study is to present the first series of patients with CSDH, who got surgically treated in Clinic of Neurosurgery, University Clinical Center of Kosovo. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study that included 137 patients with CSDH who had been treated during the period 2008-2012. The data were collected and analyzed from the archives and protocols of the University Clinical Center of Kosovo. Patients were analyzed in many aspects such as age, gender, etiological factors, clinical features, localization, diagnoses, methods of surgical interventions, recurrences and mortality of patients. Results: From 137 patients with CSDH, 106 (77.3%) were males and 31 (22.7%) females. Average age of patients was 62.85 years. Analyzed according to the decades, the highest number of causes with CSDH was between 70 and 79 years (46%). The head trauma has been responsible for CSDH in 88 patients (64.3%), while the main symptom was headache (92 patients or 67.1%). One burr-hole trepanation with closed drainage system has been used in majority of cases (in 101 patients or 73.7%). The recurrence of CSDH was 6.5%, whereas mortality 2.9%. Conclusion: CSDH is more common in elderly patients. The male-female ratio is 3.4:1. Like other authors we also think that treatment with one burr-hole and drainage is a method of choice, because of its simplicity and safety.
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