publication . Article . Other literature type . 2018

Why are women less likely to support animal exploitation than men? The mediating roles of social dominance orientation and empathy

Abílio Oliveira; João Graça; João Graça; Taciano L. Milfont; Maria Manuela Calheiros; Maria Manuela Calheiros;
Open Access English
  • Published: 15 Jul 2018
  • Country: Portugal
Abstract
Women tend to be more concerned about the welfare of (human/nonhuman) animals and the natural environment than men. A growing literature has shown that gender differences in environmental exploitation can be explained partially by the fact that women and men differ in their social dominance and empathic orientations. We extend past studies by examining whether social dominance orientation (SDO; ‘Superior groups should dominate inferior groups’) and empathy (‘I feel others’ emotions’) also help explain gender differences in attitudes towards nonhuman animals. Our mediation model confirmed that SDO and empathy partially and independently mediate gender differences...
Subjects
free text keywords: Empathy, Gender differences, Human–animal relations, Social dominance orientation, Speciesism, :Ciências Sociais::Psicologia [Domínio/Área Científica], General Psychology, Social dominance, orientation, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Mediation (Marxist theory and media studies), media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Psychology, Welfare, Social psychology
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
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