Sleep disorders in high school and pre-university students

Article English OPEN
Rocha,Célia R.S. ; Rossini,Sueli ; Reimão,Rubens (2010)
  • Publisher: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
  • Journal: (issn: 1678-4227)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1590/S0004-282X2010000600014
  • Subject: Duration | high school | qualidade do sono | sleep disorders | Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry | adolescents | adolescentes | RC321-571 | ensino médio | distúrbios do sono | sleep quality

Adolescence is a period in which youngsters have to make choices such as applying for university. The selection process is competitive, and it brings distress and anxiety, risk factors for the appearance of sleep disorders. Objective: To verify the occurrence of sleep disorders in third-year high school and pre-university students. Method: This cross-sectional descriptive study comprised a sample of 529 students (M=241, F=288) from three public schools, four private schools and two pre-university courses - a middle-class neighborhood in the city of Sao Paulo - aged between 16 and 19 years old. We used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) - a standardized questionnaire. Results: The participants (52.9%) took about 30 minutes to fall asleep, with an average of 306.4 minutes asleep, moderate daytime sleepiness (n=243, 45.9%) and indisposition (n=402, 75.9%) to develop the activities. The scores (M and F) were similar regarding problems that affect sleep. Conclusion: The investigated population showed sleep disorders and poor sleep quality.