Phylogenetic Analysis of a ‘Jewel Orchid’ Genus Goodyera (Orchidaceae) Based on DNA Sequence Data from Nuclear and Plastid Regions

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Hu, Chao ; Tian, Huaizhen ; Li, Hongqing ; Hu, Aiqun ; Xing, Fuwu ; Bhattacharjee, Avishek ; Hsu, Tianchuan ; Kumar, Pankaj ; Chung, Shihwen (2016)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
  • Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 11, issue 2 (issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC4771202, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150366
  • Subject: Molecular biology | Research Article | Molecular Biology Assays and Analysis Techniques | Data Management | DNA sequence analysis | Geographical Locations | Chloroplasts | Sepals | Taxonomy | Phylogenetic Analysis | Evolutionary Biology | Leaves | People and Places | Plant Cells | Molecular biology techniques | Phylogenetics | Plant Science | Sequence analysis | Evolutionary Systematics | Plant Cell Biology | Cellular Types | Flowers | Sequencing techniques | Biology and Life Sciences | Computer and Information Sciences | Flower Anatomy | Research and analysis methods | Plant Anatomy | Asia | Medicine | Q | R | Cell Biology | China | Cellular Structures and Organelles | Science

A molecular phylogeny of Asiatic species of Goodyera (Orchidaceae, Cranichideae, Goodyerinae) based on the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and two chloroplast loci (matK and trnL-F) was presented. Thirty-five species represented by 132 samples of Goodyera were analyzed, along with other 27 genera/48 species, using Pterostylis longifolia and Chloraea gaudichaudii as outgroups. Bayesian inference, maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood methods were used to reveal the intrageneric relationships of Goodyera and its intergeneric relationships to related genera. The results indicate that: 1) Goodyera is not monophyletic; 2) Goodyera could be divided into four sections, viz., Goodyera, Otosepalum, Reticulum and a new section; 3) sect. Reticulum can be further divided into two subsections, viz., Reticulum and Foliosum, whereas sect. Goodyera can in turn be divided into subsections Goodyera and a new subsection.
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