Parental informal payments in Kyrgyzstani schools: Analyzing the strongest and the weakest link

Article English OPEN
Ruiz Ramas, Rubén;
(2016)
  • Publisher: SAGE Publishing
  • Journal: Journal of Eurasian Studies,volume 7,issue 2,pages205-219 (issn: 1879-3665)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.euras.2015.06.003
  • Subject: informal economy | Political science | education | Cultural Studies | Sociology and Political Science | post-socialism | Kyrgyzstan | Geography (General) | J | History | G1-922 | informal payments

This paper aims to explain why parental informal payments emerge and then spread in different manners in Kyrgyzstani schools and to examine their interaction as informal institutions with the school as a formal one. It is argued that the main reason behind informal paym... View more
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