publication . Article . Preprint . 2013

Compulsory Schooling, Education and Mental Health: New Evidence from SHARELIFE

Laura Crespo; Borja López-Noval; Pedro Mira;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Apr 2013
  • Publisher: Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros
  • Country: Spain
Abstract
In this paper we provide new evidence on the causal effect of education on adult depression and cognition. Using SHARE data, we use schooling reforms in several European countries as instruments for educational attainment. We find that an extra year of education has a large and significant protective effect on mental health: the probability of suffering depression decreases by 6.5 percent. We find a large and significant protective effect on cognition as measured by word recall. We also explore whether heterogeneity and selection play a part in the large discrepancy between OLS and IV (LATE) estimates of the effect of education on depression and cognition. Using...
Subjects
free text keywords: Health-SES gradient, education reforms, instrumental variables treatment effects, SHARELIFE., Health-SES gradient, Education reforms, Instrumental variables treatment effects, SHARELIFE, jel:I1, jel:I2, jel:C3
Related Organizations
Funded by
NIH| HEALTH AND ECONOMIC STATUS IN OLDER POPULATIONS
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5P01AG008291-19
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
,
NIH| FINANCIAL STATUS--RETIREMENT SAVING PROGRAMS
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 2P01AG005842-04
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
,
NIH| RAND CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF AGING
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5P30AG012815-10
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
,
EC| SHARE_LEAP
Project
SHARE_LEAP
Longitudinal Enhancement and Access imProvement of the SHARE infrastructure
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 227822
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
,
NIH| DEVELOPING AN ISRAELI VERSION OF THE HRS/SHARE PROJECT
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 1R21AG025169-01
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
49 references, page 1 of 4

[1] Albouy V. and Lequien, L. (2009): " Does Compulsory Education Lower Mortality?", Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 28(1), pp. 155-168. [OpenAIRE]

[3] Brunello, G., Fort, M., and Weber, G. (2009): "Changes in Compulsory Schooling, Education and the Distribution of Wages in Europe", The Economic Journal, Vol. 119 (March), pp. 516-539. [OpenAIRE]

[4] Brunello, G., Fort, M., Schneeweiss, and Winter-Ebmer, R. (2011): "The Causal E¤ect of Education on Health", Economics Series 280, Institute for Advanced Studies. [OpenAIRE]

[5] Brunello, G., Weber, G., and Weiss, C.T. (2012): "Books are forever: early life conditions, education and lifetime income", IZA DP. No. 6386. [OpenAIRE]

[6] Brunello, G., Fabbri, D. and Fort, M. (2013): "The Causal E¤ect of Education on Body Mass: Evidence from Europe", Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 31(1), pp. 195-223. [OpenAIRE]

[7] Case, A. Fertig, A. and Paxson, C. (2005): "The lasting impact of chilhood health and circumstance", Journal of Health Economics, vol. 24, pp.365-389.

[8] Clark, D. and Royer, H. (2010): "The E¤ect of Education on Adult Health and Mortality: Evidence from Britain", NBER Working Paper No. 16013.

[9] Conti. G, Heckman, J. and Urzua, S. (2010): "The Education-Health Gradient," American Economic Review, vol. 100(2), pp. 234-238.

[10] Currie, J., and Hyson, R., (1999): "Is the impact of health shocks cushioned by socio-economic status? The case of low birthweight", American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, Vol. 89 (2), pp. 245–250. [OpenAIRE]

[11] Cutler, D.M.; Lleras-Muney, A. (2006): "Education and Health: Evaluating Theories and Evidence". National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 12352: http://www.nber.org/papers/w12352. [OpenAIRE]

[12] Cutler, D.M.; Lleras-Muney, A. (2010): "Understanding di¤erences in health behaviors by education", Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 29(1), pp. 1-28.

[13] Dewey, M.E., and Prince, M.J. (2005): "Mental health", in Börsch-Supan, A., Brugiviani, A., Jürges, H., Mackenbach, J., Siegrist, J., and Weber, G. and Attias-Donfut, C. (Eds.), First Results from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Ageing.

[14] Fonseca, R. and Zheng, Y. (2011): "The E¤ect of Education on Health. CrossCountry Evidence", RAND Working Paper No. 864.

[15] Glymour, M.M.; Kawachi, I.; Jencks, C.S.; Berkman, L.F. (2008): "Does childhood schooling a¤ect old age memory or mental status? Using state schooling laws as natural experiments". Journal of Epidemiololgy & Community Health, 62(6), pp. 532-537. [OpenAIRE]

[16] Kemptner, D., Jürges, H. and Reinhold, S. (2011): "Changes in compulsory schooling and the causal e¤ect of education on health: Evidence from Germany", Journal of Health Economics, vol. 30(2), pp. 340-354. [OpenAIRE]

49 references, page 1 of 4
Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue