The Effect of Pluchea indica (L.) Less. Tea on Adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes and Lipase Activity

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Sirichaiwetchakoon, Kittipot ; Lowe, Gordon Matthew ; Thumanu, Kanjana ; Eumkeb, Griangsak (2018)
  • Publisher: Hindawi
  • Journal: Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, volume 2,018 (issn: 1741-427X, eissn: 1741-4288)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC6077602, doi: 10.1155/2018/4108787
  • Subject: Other systems of medicine | Research Article | RZ201-999 | RM | Article Subject

Obesity and hyperlipidemia are a major problem in the world. Pluchea indica (L.) Less. tea (PIT) is a beverage that has various indications. This study focused on the effect of the PIT on inhibiting adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells and pancreatic lipase enzyme activity. The viability of 3T3-L1 cells was not significantly decreased after exposure to 200 to 1000 μg mL−1 PIT compared to controls (p > 0.05). The PIT at 750 to 1000 μg mL−1 exhibited a significantly reduced lipid accumulation compared to the control (p < 0.05). The inhibitory effects of the PIT at 250 to 1000 μg mL−1 on lipase activity were significantly increased compared to control (p < 0.05). The FTIR results showed that the integrated areas of lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, glycogen, and carbohydrates of the PIT-treated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were significantly lower than the untreated 3T3-L1 adipocytes (p < 0.05). These findings may indicate that the PIT is not only capable of inhibiting lipids and carbohydrate accumulation in adipocytes but also has a potential to inhibit pancreatic lipase activity. So, the PIT may be further developed to the novel lipid-lowering herbal supplement for the management of overweight or obesity.
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