DNA Dynamics Play a Role as a Basal Transcription Factor in the Positioning and Regulation of Gene Transcription Initiation

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Alexandrov, Boian S. ; Alexandrov, Ludmil B. ; Fukuyo, Yayoi ; Bishop, Alan R. ; Rasmussen, Kim Ø. ; Usheva, Anny ; Gelev, Vladimir ; Yoo, Sang Wook (2009)
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Journal: volume 38, issue 6, pages 1,790-1,795 (issn: 0305-1048, eissn: 1362-4962)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC2847213, doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp1084
  • Subject: Gene Regulation, Chromatin and Epigenetics

We assess the role of DNA breathing dynamics as a determinant of promoter strength and transcription start site (TSS) location. We compare DNA Langevin dynamic profiles of representative gene promoters, calculated with the extended non-linear PBD model of DNA with experimental data on transcription factor binding and transcriptional activity. Our results demonstrate that DNA dynamic activity at the TSS can be suppressed by mutations that do not affect basal transcription factor binding–DNA contacts. We use this effect to establish the separate contributions of transcription factor binding and DNA dynamics to transcriptional activity. Our results argue against a purely ‘transcription factor-centric’ view of transcription initiation, suggesting that both DNA dynamics and transcription factor binding are necessary conditions for transcription initiation.
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