Effect of soil–structure interaction on the reliability of reinforced concrete bridges

Article English OPEN
Kamel Bezih ; Alaa Chateauneuf ; Mahdi Kalla ; Claude Bacconnet (2015)
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Journal: Ain Shams Engineering Journal, volume 6, issue 3, pages 755-766 (issn: 2090-4479)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.asej.2015.01.007
  • Subject: TA1-2040 | Soil uncertainties | Reliability analysis | Nonlinear behavior | Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) | Soil–structure interaction | RC bridge

In the design of reinforced concrete (RC) bridges, the random and nonlinear behavior of soil may lead to insufficient reliability levels. For this reason, it is necessary to take into account the variability of soil properties which can significantly affect the bridge behavior regarding ultimate and serviceability limit states. This study investigates the failure probability for existing reinforced concrete bridges due to the effects of interaction between the soil and the structure. In this paper, a coupled reliability–mechanical approach is developed to study the effect of soil–structure interaction for RC bridges. The modeling of this interaction is incorporated into the mechanical model of RC continuous beams, by considering nonlinear elastic soil stiffness. The reliability analysis highlights the large importance of soil–structure interaction and shows that the structural safety is highly sensitive to the variability of soil properties, especially when the nonlinear behavior of soil is considered.
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