Atomic force microscope image contrast mechanisms on supported lipid bilayers.
Article, Other literature type
Dufrêne, Y F
Barger, W R
Lee, G U
- Publisher: Biophysical Society
Glycolipids | Research Article | Galactolipids | Phosphatidylethanolamines | Pressure | Atomic force microscopy | Lipid | Water | Imaging | Article | Microscopy, Atomic Force | Measurement | Diglycerides | Models, Molecular | Surface property | Lipid Bilayers | Glycerophospholipids | Lipid bilayer | Molecular Conformation | Force | Biophysics | Surface Properties | Contrast enhancement
This work presents a methodology to measure and quantitatively interpret force curves on supported lipid bilayers in water. We then use this method to correlate topographic imaging contrast in atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of phase-separated Langmuir-Blodgett bilayers with imaging load. Force curves collected on pure monolayers of both distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DSPE) and monogalactosylethanolamine (MGDG) and dioleoylethanolamine (DOPE) deposited at similar surface pressures onto a monolayer of DSPE show an abrupt breakthrough event at a repeatable, material-dependent force. The breakthrough force for DSPE and MGDG is sizable, whereas the breakthrough force for DOPE is too small to measure accurately. Contact-mode AFM images on 1:1 mixed monolayers of DSPE/DOPE and MGDG/DOPE have a high topographic contrast at loads between the breakthrough force of each phase, and a low topographic contrast at loads above the breakthrough force of both phases. Frictional contrast is inverted and magnified at loads above the breakthrough force of both phases. These results emphasize the important role that surface forces and mechanics can play in imaging multicomponent biomembranes with AFM.