Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes of Suspected Poststroke Acute Coronary Syndrome

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Biso, Sylvia Marie ; Lu, Marvin ; De Venecia, Toni Anne ; Wongrakpanich, Supakanya ; Rodriguez-Ziccardi, Mary ; Yadlapati, Sujani ; Kishlyansky, Marina ; Rammohan, Harish Seetha ; Figueredo, Vincent M. (2017)
  • Publisher: Hindawi
  • Journal: Cardiology Research and Practice, volume 2,017 (issn: 2090-8016, eissn: 2090-0597)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1155/2017/3762149, pmc: PMC5654274
  • Subject: RC666-701 | Research Article | Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system | Article Subject

Background Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can complicate acute ischemic stroke, causing significant morbidity and mortality. To date, literatures that describe poststroke acute coronary syndrome and its morbidity and mortality burden are lacking. Methods This is a single center, retrospective study where clinical characteristics, cardiac evaluation, and management of patients with suspected poststroke ACS were compared and analyzed for their association with inpatient mortality and 1-year all-cause mortality. Results Of the 82 patients, 32% had chest pain and 88% had ischemic ECG changes; mean peak troponin level was 18, and mean ejection fraction was 40%. The medical management group had older individuals (73 versus 67 years, p < 0.05), lower mean peak troponin levels (12 versus 49, p < 0.05), and lower mean length of stay (12 versus 25 days, p < 0.05) compared to those who underwent stent or CABG. Troponin levels were significantly associated with 1-year all-cause mortality. Conclusion Age and troponin level appear to play a role in the current clinical decision making for patient with suspected poststroke ACS. Troponin level appears to significantly correlate with 1-year all-cause mortality. In the management of poststroke acute coronary syndrome, optimal medical therapy had similar inpatient and all-cause mortality compared to PCI and/or CABG.
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