Screening for antibacterial and antibiofilm activity in Thai medicinal plant extracts against oral microorganisms

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Teanpaisan, Rawee ; Kawsud, Pajaree ; Pahumunto, Nuntiya ; Puripattanavong, Jindaporn (2016)
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Journal: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, volume 7, issue 2, pages 172-177 (issn: 2225-4110, eissn: 2225-4110)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2016.06.007, pmc: PMC5388082
  • Subject: 4-Chromanol | Original Article | Piper betle | Antibiofilm | Antibacteria | Oral pathogens

To evaluate the antibacterial activity of 12 ethanol extracts of Thai traditional herb against oral pathogens. The antibacterial activities were assessed by agar well diffusion, broth microdilution, and time-kill methods. Antibiofilm activity was investigated using a 3-[4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl]-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium-bromide (MTT) assay. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), thin layer chromatography (TLC) fingerprinting, and TLC-bioautography were used to determine the active antibacterial compounds. Piper betle showed the best antibacterial activities against all tested strains in the minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration, ranged from 1.04–5.21 mg/mL and 2.08–8.33 mg/mL, respectively. Killing ability depended on time and concentrations of the extract. P. betle extract acts as a potent antibiofilm agent with dual actions, preventing and eradicating the biofilm. The major constituent of P. betle extract was 4-chromanol, which responded for antibacteria and antibiofilm against oral pathogens. It suggests that the ethanol P. betle leaves extract may be used for preventing oral diseases.
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