publication . Article . 2015

Satisfying needs through social networking sites: A pathway towards problematic Internet use for socially anxious people?

Silvia Casale, Silvia Casale; Giulia Fioravanti, Giulia Fioravanti;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2015 Journal: Addictive Behaviors Reports, volume 1, pages 34-39 (issn: 2352-8532, eissn: 2352-8532, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract
Introduction: Following the theoretical frameworks of the dual-factor model of Facebook use and the Self Determination Theory, the present study hypothesizes that the satisfaction of unmet needs through Social Networking Sites (SNSs) may represent a pathway towards problematic use of Internet communicative services (GPIU) for socially anxious people. Methods: Four hundred undergraduate students (females = 51.8%; mean age = 22.45 + 2.09) completed three brief scales measuring the satisfaction via SNSs of the need to belong, the need for self-presentation and the need for assertiveness, the Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 2 and the Social Interaction...
Subjects
free text keywords: Self-presentation, Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology, BF1-990, Internet addiction, Article, Computer-mediated-communication, HV1-9960, Internet addiction; Social networks addiction; Computer-mediated-communication; Need to belong; Self-presentation; Social anxiety, Behavioral Sciences, Psychology, Social networks addiction, Need to belong, Social anxiety
31 references, page 1 of 3

Arrindell, W. A., Sanderman, R., Hageman, W. J. J. M., Pickersgill, M. J., Kwee, M. G. T., Van der Molen, H. T., et al. (1990). Correlates of assertiveness in normal and clinical samples: A multidimensional approach. Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy, 12, 153-282. [OpenAIRE]

Azais, F., & Granger, B. (1995). Disorders of assertiveness and social anxiety. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, 153, 667-675.

Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529.

Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen, & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136-162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Caplan, S. E. (2005). A social skill account of problematic Internet use. Journal of Communication, 55, 721-736.

Caplan, S. E. (2007). Relations among loneliness, social anxiety and problematic Internet use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 10(2), 234-242.

Caplan, S. E. (2010). Theory and measurement of generalized problematic Internet use: A two-step approach. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 1089-1097.

Casale, S., Fioravanti, G., Flett, G. L., & Hewitt, P. L. (2015). Self-presentation styles and problematic use of Internet communicative services: The role of the concerns over behavioral displays of imperfection. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 187-192.

Casale, S., Tella, L., & Fioravanti, G. (2013). Preference for online social interactions among young people: Direct and indirect effects of emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 524-529.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). The general causality orientations scale: Selfdetermination in personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 19, 109-134.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268.

Di Blasi, M., Cavani, P., Pavia, L., Lo Baido, R., La Grutta, S., & Schimmenti, A. (2014). The relationship between self-image and social anxiety in adolescence. Child and Adolescent Mental Health. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/camh.12071.

Erwin, B. A., Turk, C. L., Heimberg, R. G., Fresco, D. M., & Hantula, D. A. (2004). The Internet: Home to a severe population of individuals with social anxiety disorder? Anxiety Disorders, 18, 629-646.

Evren, C., Dalbudak, E., Evren, B., & Demirci, A. C. (2014). High risk of Internet addiction and its relationship with lifetime substance use, psychological and behavioral problems among 10th grade adolescents. Psychiatria Danubina, 26, 330-339. [OpenAIRE]

Fioravanti, G., Primi, C., & Casale, S. (2013). Psychometric evaluation of the Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 2 in an Italian sample. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 16, 761-766.

31 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
Introduction: Following the theoretical frameworks of the dual-factor model of Facebook use and the Self Determination Theory, the present study hypothesizes that the satisfaction of unmet needs through Social Networking Sites (SNSs) may represent a pathway towards problematic use of Internet communicative services (GPIU) for socially anxious people. Methods: Four hundred undergraduate students (females = 51.8%; mean age = 22.45 + 2.09) completed three brief scales measuring the satisfaction via SNSs of the need to belong, the need for self-presentation and the need for assertiveness, the Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 2 and the Social Interaction...
Subjects
free text keywords: Self-presentation, Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology, BF1-990, Internet addiction, Article, Computer-mediated-communication, HV1-9960, Internet addiction; Social networks addiction; Computer-mediated-communication; Need to belong; Self-presentation; Social anxiety, Behavioral Sciences, Psychology, Social networks addiction, Need to belong, Social anxiety
31 references, page 1 of 3

Arrindell, W. A., Sanderman, R., Hageman, W. J. J. M., Pickersgill, M. J., Kwee, M. G. T., Van der Molen, H. T., et al. (1990). Correlates of assertiveness in normal and clinical samples: A multidimensional approach. Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy, 12, 153-282. [OpenAIRE]

Azais, F., & Granger, B. (1995). Disorders of assertiveness and social anxiety. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, 153, 667-675.

Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529.

Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen, & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136-162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Caplan, S. E. (2005). A social skill account of problematic Internet use. Journal of Communication, 55, 721-736.

Caplan, S. E. (2007). Relations among loneliness, social anxiety and problematic Internet use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 10(2), 234-242.

Caplan, S. E. (2010). Theory and measurement of generalized problematic Internet use: A two-step approach. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 1089-1097.

Casale, S., Fioravanti, G., Flett, G. L., & Hewitt, P. L. (2015). Self-presentation styles and problematic use of Internet communicative services: The role of the concerns over behavioral displays of imperfection. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 187-192.

Casale, S., Tella, L., & Fioravanti, G. (2013). Preference for online social interactions among young people: Direct and indirect effects of emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 524-529.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). The general causality orientations scale: Selfdetermination in personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 19, 109-134.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268.

Di Blasi, M., Cavani, P., Pavia, L., Lo Baido, R., La Grutta, S., & Schimmenti, A. (2014). The relationship between self-image and social anxiety in adolescence. Child and Adolescent Mental Health. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/camh.12071.

Erwin, B. A., Turk, C. L., Heimberg, R. G., Fresco, D. M., & Hantula, D. A. (2004). The Internet: Home to a severe population of individuals with social anxiety disorder? Anxiety Disorders, 18, 629-646.

Evren, C., Dalbudak, E., Evren, B., & Demirci, A. C. (2014). High risk of Internet addiction and its relationship with lifetime substance use, psychological and behavioral problems among 10th grade adolescents. Psychiatria Danubina, 26, 330-339. [OpenAIRE]

Fioravanti, G., Primi, C., & Casale, S. (2013). Psychometric evaluation of the Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 2 in an Italian sample. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 16, 761-766.

31 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Article . 2015

Satisfying needs through social networking sites: A pathway towards problematic Internet use for socially anxious people?

Silvia Casale, Silvia Casale; Giulia Fioravanti, Giulia Fioravanti;