International audience; The use of composite materials for aeronautical applications has been growing since several years because of the opportunity to produce lightweight structures reducing the fuel bills and emissions. The need for fireproof certification imposes cos... View more
1. International Standard. (1998). Aircraft- Environmental Test Procedure for Airborne Equipment-Resistance to Fire in Designated Fire Zones. 2nd ed. ISO 2685
2. US Departement of Transportation. Federal Aviation Administration. (1990). Powerplant installation and Table 3: Effect of the jet air velocity on TC 2 computed propulsion system component fire protection test methods, temperature. standards and criteria. AC20-135.
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1 448 28.2 4. Remie, M. J., Särner, G., Cremers, M. F. G., Omrane, A., 5 386 38.1 Schreel, K. R. A. M., Aldén, L. E. M., & De Goey, L. P. H. 10 338 45.8 (2008). Heat-transfer distribution for an impinging laminar flame jet to a flat plate. International Journal of Heat and From the above results, it is clear that injecting a Mass Transfer, 51(11), 3144-3152. defined air flow level an air injection in the internal wall 5. Cremers, M. F. G., Remie, M. J., Schreel, K. R. A. M., & de of the plenum seems would facilitate the contributes to Goey, L. P. H. (2010). Thermochemical heat release of lower the part material temperatures (backside part laminar stagnation flames of fuel and oxygen. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53(5), 952-961.
inner surface). This is beneficial to reduce the risk of 6. McBride, B. J., & Gordon, S. (1996). Computer program for released smoke and part backside to ignite during the calculation of complex chemical equilibrium compositions test flame application time, which is a fail criteria for and applications: II. User's manual and program description. “fireproof” requirement as defined required in the ISO NASA reference publication, 1311, 84-85. 2685 and FAA - AC20-135 standards. 7. Caretto, l. S., Gosman, a. D., Patankar, s. V., et al. (1973). Two calculation procedures for steady, three5. Conclusion dimensional flows with recirculation. In: Proceedings of the The numerical study conducted on the thermal third international conference on numerical methods in fluid behaviour of a composite plenum made of carbon- mechanics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 60-68. phenolic material presents a good evaluation of the 8. Shih, T. H., Liou, W. W., Shabbir, A., Yang, Z., & Zhu, J. heating process compared to the experimental (n1u9m9b5e).r Aturnbeuwlenkt-ϵfleodwdsy. vCisocmospiutyterms o&delFflouridhsi,g2h4R(3e)y, n2o2ld7smeasurements performed on a composite part tested 238.
according to the AC20-135 and ISO 2685 standards 9. Suryan, A., Kim, H. D., & Setoguchi, T. (2013). compared to the experimental measurements. Also, it Comparative study of turbulence models performance for has been shown that the air jet in the internal part of the refuelling of compressed hydrogen tanks. International plenum leads to the diminution of the wall temperatures Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(22), 9562-9569. showing its benefit effect. The authors anticipate 10. Chen, A., & Sparrow, E. M. (2009). Turbulence modelling performing a more reliable analysis with more accurate for flow in a distribution manifold. International Journal of thermal properties of the studied carbon-phenolic Heat and Mass Transfer, 52(5), 1573-1581. material used to design the plenum as well as additional 11. ZMiaanhim, ahL,.,B.C(h2a0k1e3r),. NAu.m,eCrihceatleshiomuunlaa,tioKn.s, oMfnaolenk-p,reAm.,ixe&d studies on other materials. To do so, an extensive testing turbulent combustion of CH4-H2 mixtures using the PDF of materials under various stress conditions is expected approach. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(20), to get the density, specific heat, thermal conductivity, 8597-8603.
12. Trick, K. A., & Saliba, T. E. (1995). Mechanisms of the pyrolysis of phenolic resin in a carbon/phenolic composite. Carbon, 33(11), 1509-1515.
13. Srikanth, I., Padmavathi, N., Kumar, S., Ghosal, P., Kumar, A., & Subrahmanyam, C. (2013). Mechanical, thermal and ablative properties of zirconia, CNT modified carbon/phenolic composites. Composites Science and Technology, 80, 1-7.
14. Engelke, W. T., Pyron JR, C. M., et Pears, Coultas D. (1967). Thermal and mechanical properties of a nondegraded and thermally degraded phenolic-carbon composite. Southern research inst Birmingham AL.