How to Plant Apple Trees to Reduce Replant Disease in Apple Orchard: A Study on the Phenolic Acid of the Replanted Apple Orchard.

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Chengmiao Yin ; Li Xiang ; Gongshuai Wang ; Yanfang Wang ; Xiang Shen ; Xuesen Chen ; Zhiquan Mao
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
  • Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 11, issue 12 (issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC5132267, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167347
  • Subject: Phenols | Research Article | Chromatographic Techniques | Salicylic Acid | Crops | Chemical Compounds | Agriculture | Aldehydes | Physical Sciences | Acids | Fruits | Organic Chemistry | Plants | Crop Science | Plant Science | Seedlings | Plant Pathology | Chemistry | Biology and Life Sciences | Research and Analysis Methods | Liquid Chromatography | Medicine | Q | High Performance Liquid Chromatography | R | Farms | Orchards | Science | Organisms | Organic Compounds | Apples
    mesheuropmc: complex mixtures

Apple replant disease (ARD) is an important problem in the production of apple. The phenolic acid is one of the causes of ARD. How phenolic acid affects the ARD was not well known. In this study, we analyzed the type, concentration and annual dynamic variation of phenolic acid in soil from three replanted apple orchards using an accelerated solvent extraction system with high performance liquid chromatography (ASE-HPLC). We found that the type and concentration of phenolic acid were significantly differed among different seasons, different sampling positions and different soil layers. Major types of phenolic acid in three replanted apple orchards were phlorizin, benzoic acid and vanillic aldehyde. The concentration of phenolic acid was highest in the soil of the previous tree holes and it was increased from the spring to autumn. Moreover, phenolic acid was primarily distributed in 30–60 cm soil layer in the autumn, while it was most abundant in 0–30 cm soil layer in the spring. Our results suggest that phlorizin, benzoic acid and vanillic aldehyde may be the key phenolic acid that brought about ARD in the replanted apple orchard.
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