publication . Article . 2016

How to Plant Apple Trees to Reduce Replant Disease in Apple Orchard: A Study on the Phenolic Acid of the Replanted Apple Orchard.

Yin, Chengmiao; Xiang, Li; Wang, Gongshuai; Wang, Yanfang; Shen, Xiang; Chen, Xuesen; Mao, Zhiquan;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Dec 2016 Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 11, issue 12 (issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract
Apple replant disease (ARD) is an important problem in the production of apple. The phenolic acid is one of the causes of ARD. How phenolic acid affects the ARD was not well known. In this study, we analyzed the type, concentration and annual dynamic variation of phenolic acid in soil from three replanted apple orchards using an accelerated solvent extraction system with high performance liquid chromatography (ASE-HPLC). We found that the type and concentration of phenolic acid were significantly differed among different seasons, different sampling positions and different soil layers. Major types of phenolic acid in three replanted apple orchards were phlorizin,...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: complex mixtures
free text keywords: Phenols, Research Article, Chromatographic Techniques, Salicylic Acid, Crops, Chemical Compounds, Agriculture, Aldehydes, Physical Sciences, Acids, Fruits, Organic Chemistry, Plants, Crop Science, Plant Science, Seedlings, Plant Pathology, Chemistry, Biology and Life Sciences, Research and Analysis Methods, Liquid Chromatography, Medicine, Q, High Performance Liquid Chromatography, R, Farms, Orchards, Science, Organisms, Organic Compounds, Apples
29 references, page 1 of 2

1 Laurent AS, Merwin IA, Thies JE. Long-term orchard groundcover management systems affect soil microbial communities and apple replant disease severity. Plant Soil. 2008; 304(1): 209–225.

2 Mazzola M, Manici LM. Apple Replant Disease: role of microbial ecology in cause and control. Ann Rev Phyto. 2012; 50(50): 45–65.

3 Narwal SS. Allelopathy in ecological sustainable organic agriculture. Allelopathy J. 2010; 25(1): 51–72.

4 Tewoldemedhin YT, Mazzola M, Botha WJ, Spies CFJ, Mcleod A. Characterization of fungi (Fusarium and Rhizoctonia) and oomycetes (Phytophthora and Pythium) associated with apple orchards in South Africa. Eur J Plant Pathol. 2011a; 130(2): 215–229.

5 Manici LM, Kelderer M, Erschbaumer G, Caputo F, Babini V, Casera C. Replant problems in South Tyrol: role of fungal pathogens and microbial population in conventional and organic apple orchards. Plant Soil. 2003; 256(2): 315–324.

6 Bai R, Ma FW, Liang D, Zhao X. Phthalic acid induces oxidative stress and alters the activity of some antioxidant enzymes in roots of Malus prunifolia. J Chem Ecol. 2009; 35(4): 488–494. doi: 10.1007/s10886-009-9615-7 19352774 [PubMed]

7 Tewoldemedhin YT, Mazzola M, Labuschagne I, McLeod A. A multi-phasic approach reveals that apple replant disease is caused by multiple biological agents, with some agents acting synergistically. Soil Biol Biochem. 2011b; 43(9): 1917–1927.

8 Mazzola M. Elucidation of the microbial complex having a causal role in the development of apple replant disease in Washington. Phytopathology. 1998; 88(9): 930–938. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO.1998.88.9.930 18944871 [PubMed]

9 Schoor LV, Denman S, Cook NC. Characterisation of apple replant disease under South African conditions and potential biological management strategies. Sci Hortic. 2009;119(2): 153–162.

10 Hofmann A, Wittenmayer L, Arnold G, Schieber A, Merbach W. Root exudation of phloridzin by apple seedlings (Malus x domestica Borkh.) with sympt oms of apple replant disease. J Appl Bot Food Qual. 2012; 82(2): 193–198.

11 Zhang JH, Mao ZQ, Wang LQ, Shu HR. Bioassay and identification of root exudates of three fruit tree species. J Integr Plant Biol. 2007; 49(3): 257–261.

12 Ding J, Sun Y, Xiao CL, Shi K, Zhou YH, Yu JQ. Physiological basis of different allelopathic reactions of cucumber and figleaf gourd plants to cinnamic acid. J Exp Bot. 2007; 58(13): 3765–3773. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erm227 17965143 [PubMed]

13 Gao XB, Zhao FX, Shen X, Hu YL, Hao YH, Yang SQ, et al Effects of Cinnamon Acid on Respiratory Rate and Its Related Enzymes Activity in Roots of Seedlings of Malus hupehensis Rehd. Agr Sci China. 2010; 9 (6): 833–839.

14 Kummeler M.Investigations into the causes of soil sickness in fruit trees. Part I. Influence of soil treatment and soil sickness on vegetative growth of Bittenfelder seedling. Erwerbs-Obstbau.1981; 23 (7): 162–168.

15 Han CM, Pan KW, Wu N, Wang JC, Li W. Allelopathic effect of ginger on seed germination and seedling growth of soybean and chive. Sci Hortic. 2008; 116(3): 330–336.

29 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
Apple replant disease (ARD) is an important problem in the production of apple. The phenolic acid is one of the causes of ARD. How phenolic acid affects the ARD was not well known. In this study, we analyzed the type, concentration and annual dynamic variation of phenolic acid in soil from three replanted apple orchards using an accelerated solvent extraction system with high performance liquid chromatography (ASE-HPLC). We found that the type and concentration of phenolic acid were significantly differed among different seasons, different sampling positions and different soil layers. Major types of phenolic acid in three replanted apple orchards were phlorizin,...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: complex mixtures
free text keywords: Phenols, Research Article, Chromatographic Techniques, Salicylic Acid, Crops, Chemical Compounds, Agriculture, Aldehydes, Physical Sciences, Acids, Fruits, Organic Chemistry, Plants, Crop Science, Plant Science, Seedlings, Plant Pathology, Chemistry, Biology and Life Sciences, Research and Analysis Methods, Liquid Chromatography, Medicine, Q, High Performance Liquid Chromatography, R, Farms, Orchards, Science, Organisms, Organic Compounds, Apples
29 references, page 1 of 2

1 Laurent AS, Merwin IA, Thies JE. Long-term orchard groundcover management systems affect soil microbial communities and apple replant disease severity. Plant Soil. 2008; 304(1): 209–225.

2 Mazzola M, Manici LM. Apple Replant Disease: role of microbial ecology in cause and control. Ann Rev Phyto. 2012; 50(50): 45–65.

3 Narwal SS. Allelopathy in ecological sustainable organic agriculture. Allelopathy J. 2010; 25(1): 51–72.

4 Tewoldemedhin YT, Mazzola M, Botha WJ, Spies CFJ, Mcleod A. Characterization of fungi (Fusarium and Rhizoctonia) and oomycetes (Phytophthora and Pythium) associated with apple orchards in South Africa. Eur J Plant Pathol. 2011a; 130(2): 215–229.

5 Manici LM, Kelderer M, Erschbaumer G, Caputo F, Babini V, Casera C. Replant problems in South Tyrol: role of fungal pathogens and microbial population in conventional and organic apple orchards. Plant Soil. 2003; 256(2): 315–324.

6 Bai R, Ma FW, Liang D, Zhao X. Phthalic acid induces oxidative stress and alters the activity of some antioxidant enzymes in roots of Malus prunifolia. J Chem Ecol. 2009; 35(4): 488–494. doi: 10.1007/s10886-009-9615-7 19352774 [PubMed]

7 Tewoldemedhin YT, Mazzola M, Labuschagne I, McLeod A. A multi-phasic approach reveals that apple replant disease is caused by multiple biological agents, with some agents acting synergistically. Soil Biol Biochem. 2011b; 43(9): 1917–1927.

8 Mazzola M. Elucidation of the microbial complex having a causal role in the development of apple replant disease in Washington. Phytopathology. 1998; 88(9): 930–938. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO.1998.88.9.930 18944871 [PubMed]

9 Schoor LV, Denman S, Cook NC. Characterisation of apple replant disease under South African conditions and potential biological management strategies. Sci Hortic. 2009;119(2): 153–162.

10 Hofmann A, Wittenmayer L, Arnold G, Schieber A, Merbach W. Root exudation of phloridzin by apple seedlings (Malus x domestica Borkh.) with sympt oms of apple replant disease. J Appl Bot Food Qual. 2012; 82(2): 193–198.

11 Zhang JH, Mao ZQ, Wang LQ, Shu HR. Bioassay and identification of root exudates of three fruit tree species. J Integr Plant Biol. 2007; 49(3): 257–261.

12 Ding J, Sun Y, Xiao CL, Shi K, Zhou YH, Yu JQ. Physiological basis of different allelopathic reactions of cucumber and figleaf gourd plants to cinnamic acid. J Exp Bot. 2007; 58(13): 3765–3773. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erm227 17965143 [PubMed]

13 Gao XB, Zhao FX, Shen X, Hu YL, Hao YH, Yang SQ, et al Effects of Cinnamon Acid on Respiratory Rate and Its Related Enzymes Activity in Roots of Seedlings of Malus hupehensis Rehd. Agr Sci China. 2010; 9 (6): 833–839.

14 Kummeler M.Investigations into the causes of soil sickness in fruit trees. Part I. Influence of soil treatment and soil sickness on vegetative growth of Bittenfelder seedling. Erwerbs-Obstbau.1981; 23 (7): 162–168.

15 Han CM, Pan KW, Wu N, Wang JC, Li W. Allelopathic effect of ginger on seed germination and seedling growth of soybean and chive. Sci Hortic. 2008; 116(3): 330–336.

29 references, page 1 of 2
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publication . Article . 2016

How to Plant Apple Trees to Reduce Replant Disease in Apple Orchard: A Study on the Phenolic Acid of the Replanted Apple Orchard.

Yin, Chengmiao; Xiang, Li; Wang, Gongshuai; Wang, Yanfang; Shen, Xiang; Chen, Xuesen; Mao, Zhiquan;