Welfare versus Market Access: The Implications of Tariff Structure for Tariff Reform

Research, Preprint OPEN
James E. Anderson ; J. Peter Neary (2004)
  • Publisher: University College Dublin. School of Economics
  • Subject: Commercial policy | Concertina rule; Market access; Piecemeal policy reform; Tariff moments; Uniform tariff reductions; Commercial policy; International economic integration; Tariff | F13 | F15 | Tariff moments | Importbeschränkung | International economic integration | Market access | Concertina rule; Market access; Piecemeal policy reform; Tariff moments; Uniform tariff reductions. | Concertina rule | Tariff | Piecemeal policy reform | Wohlfahrtsanalyse | Uniform tariff reductions | Zollpolitik
    • jel: jel:F13 | jel:F15
      ddc: ddc:330

We show that the effects of tariff changes on welfare and import volume can be fully characterised by their effects on the generalised mean and variance of the tariff distribution. Using these tools, we derive new results for welfare- and market-access-improving tariff changes, which imply two "cones of liberalisation" in price space. Because welfare is negatively but import volume positively related to the generalised variance, the cones do not intersect, which poses a dilemma for trade policy reform. Finally, we show that generalised and trade-weighted moments are mutually proportional when the trade expenditure function is CES.
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