Security Sector Reform in Albania

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Abazi , Enika; Bumci , Aldo; Hide , Enri; Rakipi , Albert;
  • Publisher: HAL CCSD
  • Subject: Armaments | Security Reform | Defence Policy | Peace building | [ SHS.SCIPO ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Political science

International audience; This paper analyses security sector reform (SSR) in Albania. In all its enterprises in reforming the security sector,Albania is assisted by different initiatives and projects that provide expertise and financial support. To assesswhether reforms ... View more
  • References (29)
    29 references, page 1 of 3

    1 S.K. Pavlowitch (1999). History of the Balkans 1804-1945. UK: Addison-Wesley Longman Publishers. Note 8.

    2 C. P. Danopoulos and K. G. Messas (1997). 'Security and conflict in the Balkans'. C.P. Danapoulos and K.G. Messas (Eds.). Crisis in the Balkans, Views from the participants. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, note 19, p.11.

    3 For more detailed information, see: Z. Brzezinski (1989/90). 'Post-communist nationalism', Foreign Affairs, Vol. 68, No. 5; F.S. Larrabee (1990/91). 'Long memories and short fuses: Change and instability in the Balkans', International Security, Vol. 15, No. 3. pp.58-91.

    4 M.J. Jordan, 'Albania split in two in the Kosova Question', Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE-RL), Vol. 2, Part II, 16th April 1998.

    5 The EU refers to the country as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, i.e. by the provisional name as it is used within the UN system.

    6 The Contact Group is an informal group composed of France, Germany, Italy, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. It was set up in the early 1990s to respond to the war and crisis in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and subsequently took an active role in the Kosovo status process.

    7 D. Held, A. McGrew, D. Goldblatt and J. Perraton (1999). Global transformations: Politics, economics and culture. California, US: Stanford University Press. p.15.

    8 B. Buzan (1991). People, states and fear: An agenda for international security studies in the post-Cold War era. Hemel Hempstead, UK: Harvester Wheatsheaf. p.12, note 1.

    9 In the national survey organised by the Albanian Institute for International Studies (AIIS) about EU integration, 95 percent of respondents said they favoured Albanian membership in the EU. See: E. Abazi et al. (2008). EU perceptions and realities. Tiarane: AIIS Press. Available at

    10 See: K. Booth and N. Wheeler (1992). Security and strategy in the new Europe. London, UK and New York, US: Colin McInnes. p.4.

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