Security Sector Reform in Albania
Abazi , Enika
Bumci , Aldo
Hide , Enri
Rakipi , Albert
- Publisher: HAL CCSD
Armaments | Security Reform | [SHS.SCIPO] Humanities and Social Sciences/Political science | Defence Policy | Peace building | [ SHS.SCIPO ] Humanities and Social Sciences/Political science
International audience; This paper analyses security sector reform (SSR) in Albania. In all its enterprises in reforming the security sector,Albania is assisted by different initiatives and projects that provide expertise and financial support. To assesswhether reforms improved the overall security environment (national and human) of the country, it is necessaryto measure the effectiveness of the various initiatives and projects. This is gauged by how well the initiatives andprojects achieved their defined goals, the level of coordination at the national and international level among thoseinstitutions working in the same specific field, and the sustainability and ownership of reforms. The evaluationof SSR in Albania is primarily based on official national documents, national legislation, situation reports ofAlbanian and international institutions related to reforms in the security sector, and national and internationalpress coverage of security events and incidents.The first part of this work describes the security sector in Albania and provides an overview of the securitychallenges the country faces. The second part of the paper offers an overview of the reforms and supportingprojects in the reformation, democratisation and conversion process of the police, human security and thejustice system. The human security section looks at the various issues of concern in this area via projectsthat encourage law enforcement, combat organised crime and illicit traffic and terrorism, mine action projects,small arms and light weapons control (SALWC), and projects that encourage community policing, etc. The thirdpart then discusses the Albanian Armed Forces (AAF), which are essential to the traditional national securityenvironment. The study closes with an analysis of the role of civil society and public opinion, and also offersrecommendations for national authorities, international authorities and civil social actors.