Oxidative Damage to the Salivary Glands of Rats with Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes-Temporal Study: Oxidative Stress and Diabetic Salivary Glands

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M. Knaś ; M. Maciejczyk ; I. Daniszewska ; A. Klimiuk ; J. Matczuk ; U. Kołodziej ; D. Waszkiel ; J. R. Ładny ; M. Żendzian-Piotrowska ; A. Zalewska (2016)
  • Publisher: Hindawi Limited
  • Journal: Journal of Diabetes Research, volume 2,016 (issn: 2314-6745, eissn: 2314-6753)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC4961808, doi: 10.1155/2016/4583742
  • Subject: Research Article | RC648-665 | Diseases of the endocrine glands. Clinical endocrinology | Article Subject
    mesheuropmc: stomatognathic system

Objective. This study evaluated oxidative damage caused to the salivary glands in streptozotocin-induced diabetes (DM). Materials and Methods. Rats were divided into 4 groups: groups 1 and 2, control rats, and groups 3 and 4, DM rats. 8-Hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), protein carbonyl (PC), 4-hydroxynonenal protein adduct (4-HNE), oxidized and/or MDA-modified LDL-cholesterol (oxy-LDL/MDA), 8-isoprostanes (8-isoP), and oxidative stress index (OSI) were measured at 7 (groups 1 and 3) and 14 (groups 2 and 4) days of experiment. Results. The unstimulated salivary flow in DM rats was reduced in the 2nd week, while the stimulated flow was decreased throughout the duration of the experiment versus control. OSI was elevated in both diabetic glands in the 1st and 2nd week, whereas 8-isoP and 8-OHdG were higher only in the parotid gland in the second week. PC and 4-HNE were increased in the 1st and 2nd week, whereas oxy-LDL/MDA was increased in the 2nd week in the diabetic parotid glands. Conclusions. Diabetes induces oxidative damage of the salivary glands, which seems to be caused by processes taking place in the salivary glands, independently of general oxidative stress. The parotid glands are more vulnerable to oxidative damage in these conditions.
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