Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles
Bachelor thesis, Article, Preprint
- Publisher: eScholarship, University of California
Piles de combustible | Hydrogen, Fuel Cells | :Enginyeria mecànica::Disseny i construcció de vehicles::Automòbils [Àrees temàtiques de la UPC] | Hydrogen as fuel | Fuel Cells | Hybrid electric vehicles | :Energies::Recursos energètics renovables [Àrees temàtiques de la UPC] | Hydrogen | Vehicles elèctrics híbrids | Hidrogen com a combustible
Hydrogen is an especially attractive transportation fuel. It is the least polluting fuel available, and can be produced anywhere there is water and a clean source of electricity. A fuel cycle in which hydrogen is produced by solar-electrolysis of water, or by gasification of renewably grown biomass, and then used in a fuel-cell powered electric-motor vehicle (FCEV), would produce little or no local, regional, or global pollution.
Hydrogen FCEVs would combine the best features of battery-powered electric vehicles (BPEVs) -- zero emissions, high efficiency, quiet operation and long life -- with the long range and fast refueling time of internal-combustion-engine vehicles (ICEVs). If fuel-cell technology develops as hoped, then hydrogen FCEVs will be a significant advance over both hydrogen ICEVs and solar BPEVs: they will be cleaner and more efficient than hydrogen ICEVs, have a much shorter refueling time than BPEVs, and have a lower lufecycle cost than both. Solar-hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles would be general-purpose zero-emission vehicles, and could be an important component of strategy for reducing dependence on imported oil, mitigating global warming, and improving urban air quality, at an acceptable cost.