Proteomic Characterization of the Venom of Five Bombus (Thoracobombus) Species

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Nezahat Pınar Barkan; Mustafa Bilal Bayazit; Duygu Ozel Demiralp;

Venomous animals use venom, a complex biofluid composed of unique mixtures of proteins and peptides, to act on vital systems of the prey or predator. In bees, venom is solely used for defense against predators. However, the venom composition of bumble bees (Bombus sp.) ... View more
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