Performance of solenoids versus quadrupoles in focusing and energy selection of laser accelerated protons

Article, Preprint English OPEN
Hofmann, Ingo (2013)
  • Publisher: Soc.
  • Journal: (issn: 1098-4402)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.16.041302
  • Subject: QC770-798 | Physics - Accelerator Physics | Nuclear and particle physics. Atomic energy. Radioactivity | Physics - Medical Physics | Physics - Plasma Physics
    • ddc: ddc:530

Using laser accelerated protons or ions for various applications—for example in particle therapy or short-pulse radiographic diagnostics—requires an effective method of focusing and energy selection. We derive an analytical scaling for the performance of a solenoid compared with a doublet/triplet as function of the energy, which is confirmed by TRACEWIN simulations. Generally speaking, the two approaches are equivalent in focusing capability, if parameters are such that the solenoid length approximately equals its diameter. The scaling also shows that this is usually not the case above a few MeV; consequently, a solenoid needs to be pulsed or superconducting, whereas the quadrupoles can remain conventional. It is also important that the transmission of the triplet is found only 25% lower than that of the equivalent solenoid. Both systems are equally suitable for energy selection based on their chromatic effect as is shown using an initial distribution following the RPA simulation model by Yan et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 135001 (2009PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.103.135001].
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