Public Values in Water Law: A Case of Substantive Fragmentation?

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Ambrus, Monika ; Gilissen, Herman Kasper ; van Kempen, Jasper JH (2014)
  • Publisher: Utrecht University Library Open Access Journals (Publishing Services)
  • Journal: Utrecht Law Review (issn: 1871-515X)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.18352/ulr.266, doi: 10.18352/ulr.266/
  • Subject: public water values | public values | K1-7720 | social justice | water law | environmental protection | substantive fragmentation | Law in general. Comparative and uniform law. Jurisprudence

Horizontal fragmentation, from a public-values perspective, is a quite well-documented phenomenon in international (water) law. However, the literature does not provide any insight into vertical or substantive fragmentation, i.e. differences in the protection of public values at the various institutional levels. This article assesses whether there is substantive fragmentation in water law at the international, the European, the sub-regional (Danube River Basin), and the Dutch domestic level. To this end, first a working definition of the concept of ‘public water values’ will be formulated. Subsequently, this article will draw conclusions regarding the degree of substantive fragmentation in water law across the institutional levels mentioned, based on an in-depth analysis of relevant sources of water law. The article will not present an exhaustive overview of public water values, but elaborates on a number of core values in water law.
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    samenwerking in het waterbeheer, 2009. Also see H.F.M.W. van Rijswick, Moving Water and the Law - On the Distribution of Water Rights

    and Water Duties within River Basins in European and Dutch Water Law, 2008. 2 For accounts addressing the positive side of fragmentation see, inter alia, M. Koskenniemi & P. Leino, 'Fragmentation of International Law?

    Postmodern Anxieties', 2002 Leiden Journal of International Law 15, no. 3, p. 575. See also International Law Commission, Fragmentation

    of International Law: Dificulties arising from the Diversification and Expansion of International Law (1 May-9 June and 3 July-11 August

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    (in manuscript), p. 33. 3 E.g. G. Hafner, 'Pros and Cons Ensuing from Fragmentation of International Law', 2004 Michigan Journal of International Law 24;

    B. Simma, 'Fragmentation in a Positive Light', 2004 Michigan Journal of International Law 25; M. Koskenniemi & P. Leino, 'Fragmentation

    of International Law? Postmodern Anxieties', 2002 Leiden Journal of International Law 15, no. 3, pp. 553-579; A.-Ch. Martineau,

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