publication . Other literature type . Article . 2015

Facial mimicry in its social setting

Peter Weyers; Katja U. Likowski; Beate Seibt; Beate Seibt; Andreas Mühlberger; Andreas Mühlberger;
Open Access
  • Published: 11 Aug 2015
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Abstract
In interpersonal encounters, individuals often exhibit changes in their own facial expressions in response to emotional expressions of another person. Such changes are often called facial mimicry. While this tendency first appeared to be an automatic tendency of the perceiver to show the same emotional expression as the sender, evidence is now accumulating that situation, person, and relationship jointly determine whether and for which emotions such congruent facial behavior is shown. We review the evidence regarding the moderating influence of such factors on facial mimicry with a focus on understanding the meaning of facial responses to emotional expressions i...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: stomatognathic diseases
free text keywords: cooperation, competition, EMG, BF1-990, Review, :Ciências Sociais::Psicologia [Domínio/Área Científica], Social psychology, Emotional expression, Mood, Feeling, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Mimicry, Facial expression, Psychology, Facial mimicry, Interpersonal communication, ddc:150
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
156 references, page 1 of 11

Achaibou A. Pourtois G. Schwartz S. Vuilleumier P. (2008). Simultaneous recording of EEG and facial muscle reactions during spontaneous emotional mimicry. Neuropsychologia 46, 1104–1113. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.10.019 18068737 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Adams R. B. Jr Kleck R. E. (2003). Perceived gaze direction and the processing of facial displays of emotion. Psychol. Sci. 14, 644–647. 10.1046/j.0956-7976.2003.psci_1479.x 14629700 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Adams R. B. Jr Kleck R. E. (2005). Effects of direct and averted gaze on the perception of facially communicated emotion. Emotion 5, 3–11. 10.1037/1528-3542.5.1.3 15755215 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Aguado L. Román F. J. Rod ríguez S. Diéguez-Risco T. Romero-Ferreiro V. Fernández-Cahill M. (2013). Learning of facial responses to faces associated with positive or negative emotional expressions. Span. J. Psychol. 16, 1–10. 10.1017/sjp.2013.31 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Ardizzi M. Sestito M. Martini F. Umiltà M. A. Ravera R. Gallese V. (2014). When age matters: differences in facial mimicry and autonomic responses to peers' emotions in teenagers and adults. PLoS ONE 9:e110763. 10.1371/journal.pone.0110763 25337916 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Axelrod R. Hamilton W. D. (1981). The evolution of cooperation. Science 211, 1390–1396. 10.1126/science.7466396 7466396 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bailenson J. N. Yee N. (2005). Digital chameleons: automatic assimilation of nonverbal gestures in immersive virtual environments. Psychol. Sci. 16, 814–819. 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01619.x 16181445 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bailey P. E. Henry J. D. (2009). Subconscious facial expression mimicry is preserved in older adulthood. Psychol. Aging 24, 995–1000. 10.1037/a0015789 20025413 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bailey P. E. Henry J. D. Nangle M. R. (2009). Electromyographic evidence for age-related differences in the mimicry of anger. Psychol. Aging 24, 224–229. 10.1037/a0014112 19290755 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Baron-Cohen S. Golan O. Wheelwright S. Hill J. (2004). Mindreading: The Interactive Guide to Emotions. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Baron-Cohen S. Wheelwright S. Hill J. Raste Y. Plumb I. (2001). The “Reading the mind in the eyes” Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. J. Child Psychol. Psychol. 42, 241–251. 10.1111/1469-7610.00715 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Bartlett M. S. Whitehill J. (2011). Automated facial expression measurement: recent applications to basic research in human behavior, learning, and education, in The Oxford Handbook of Face Perception, eds Calder A. Rhodes G. Haxby J. V. Johnson M. H. (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 489–513. [OpenAIRE]

Baumeister R. F. Leary M. R. (1995). The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as fundamental human motivation. Psychol. Bull. 117, 497–529. 10.1037/0033-2909.117.3.497 7777651 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Beaupré M. G. Hess U. (2005). Cross-cultural emotion recognition among Canadian ethnic groups. J. Cross Cult. Psychol. 36, 355–370. 10.1177/0022022104273656 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Bölte S. (2005). Reading Mind in the Eyes Test für Erwachsene (dt. Fassung) von S. Baron-Cohen [Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test for Adults (German version) by S. Baron-Cohen]. Available online at: http://www.as-tt.de/assets/applets/Augentest_Erwachsene.pdf

156 references, page 1 of 11
Abstract
In interpersonal encounters, individuals often exhibit changes in their own facial expressions in response to emotional expressions of another person. Such changes are often called facial mimicry. While this tendency first appeared to be an automatic tendency of the perceiver to show the same emotional expression as the sender, evidence is now accumulating that situation, person, and relationship jointly determine whether and for which emotions such congruent facial behavior is shown. We review the evidence regarding the moderating influence of such factors on facial mimicry with a focus on understanding the meaning of facial responses to emotional expressions i...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: stomatognathic diseases
free text keywords: cooperation, competition, EMG, BF1-990, Review, :Ciências Sociais::Psicologia [Domínio/Área Científica], Social psychology, Emotional expression, Mood, Feeling, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Mimicry, Facial expression, Psychology, Facial mimicry, Interpersonal communication, ddc:150
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
156 references, page 1 of 11

Achaibou A. Pourtois G. Schwartz S. Vuilleumier P. (2008). Simultaneous recording of EEG and facial muscle reactions during spontaneous emotional mimicry. Neuropsychologia 46, 1104–1113. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.10.019 18068737 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Adams R. B. Jr Kleck R. E. (2003). Perceived gaze direction and the processing of facial displays of emotion. Psychol. Sci. 14, 644–647. 10.1046/j.0956-7976.2003.psci_1479.x 14629700 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Adams R. B. Jr Kleck R. E. (2005). Effects of direct and averted gaze on the perception of facially communicated emotion. Emotion 5, 3–11. 10.1037/1528-3542.5.1.3 15755215 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Aguado L. Román F. J. Rod ríguez S. Diéguez-Risco T. Romero-Ferreiro V. Fernández-Cahill M. (2013). Learning of facial responses to faces associated with positive or negative emotional expressions. Span. J. Psychol. 16, 1–10. 10.1017/sjp.2013.31 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Ardizzi M. Sestito M. Martini F. Umiltà M. A. Ravera R. Gallese V. (2014). When age matters: differences in facial mimicry and autonomic responses to peers' emotions in teenagers and adults. PLoS ONE 9:e110763. 10.1371/journal.pone.0110763 25337916 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Axelrod R. Hamilton W. D. (1981). The evolution of cooperation. Science 211, 1390–1396. 10.1126/science.7466396 7466396 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bailenson J. N. Yee N. (2005). Digital chameleons: automatic assimilation of nonverbal gestures in immersive virtual environments. Psychol. Sci. 16, 814–819. 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01619.x 16181445 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bailey P. E. Henry J. D. (2009). Subconscious facial expression mimicry is preserved in older adulthood. Psychol. Aging 24, 995–1000. 10.1037/a0015789 20025413 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bailey P. E. Henry J. D. Nangle M. R. (2009). Electromyographic evidence for age-related differences in the mimicry of anger. Psychol. Aging 24, 224–229. 10.1037/a0014112 19290755 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Baron-Cohen S. Golan O. Wheelwright S. Hill J. (2004). Mindreading: The Interactive Guide to Emotions. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Baron-Cohen S. Wheelwright S. Hill J. Raste Y. Plumb I. (2001). The “Reading the mind in the eyes” Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. J. Child Psychol. Psychol. 42, 241–251. 10.1111/1469-7610.00715 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Bartlett M. S. Whitehill J. (2011). Automated facial expression measurement: recent applications to basic research in human behavior, learning, and education, in The Oxford Handbook of Face Perception, eds Calder A. Rhodes G. Haxby J. V. Johnson M. H. (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 489–513. [OpenAIRE]

Baumeister R. F. Leary M. R. (1995). The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as fundamental human motivation. Psychol. Bull. 117, 497–529. 10.1037/0033-2909.117.3.497 7777651 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Beaupré M. G. Hess U. (2005). Cross-cultural emotion recognition among Canadian ethnic groups. J. Cross Cult. Psychol. 36, 355–370. 10.1177/0022022104273656 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Bölte S. (2005). Reading Mind in the Eyes Test für Erwachsene (dt. Fassung) von S. Baron-Cohen [Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test for Adults (German version) by S. Baron-Cohen]. Available online at: http://www.as-tt.de/assets/applets/Augentest_Erwachsene.pdf

156 references, page 1 of 11
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