The significance of sperm heads and tails within the vasal fluid during vasectomy reversal

Article English OPEN
Ryan P Smith; Abhinav Khanna; Jason R Kovac; Niraj Badhiwala; Robert Coward; Larry I Lipshultz;
  • Publisher: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
  • Journal: Indian Journal of Urology : IJU : Journal of the Urological Society of India,volume 30,issue 2,pages164-168 (issn: 0970-1591, eissn: 1998-3824)
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  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.4103/0970-1591.126898, pmc: PMC3989817
  • Subject: Diseases of the genitourinary system. Urology | Original Article | RC870-923 | spermatozoa | vasovasostomy | Infertility | male | vasectomy reversal

Introduction: The finding of only sperm heads and/or short tails (SHST) during vasectomy reversal (VR) creates a difficult decision for the best method of vasal reconstruction, i.e. vasovasostomy (VV) or epididymovasostomy (EV). Using outcome analyses, we report the imp... View more
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