Association between Non-Suicidal Self-Injury, Parents and Peers Related Loneliness, and Attitude Towards Aloneness in Flemish Adolescents: An Empirical Note

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Gandhi, Amarendra ; Luyckx, Koen ; Goossens, Luc ; Maitra, Shubhada ; Claes, Laurence (2018)
  • Publisher: Ubiquity Press
  • Journal: Psychologica Belgica (issn: 0033-2879, eissn: 2054-670X)
  • Related identifiers: handle: 10067/1509100151162165141, doi: 10.5334/pb.385
  • Subject: Clinical Psychology | Psychology | Non-Suicidal Self-Injury; Parent-related loneliness; Peer-related loneliness; Attitude towards aloneness; Adolescents

Abstract: Loneliness and attitude towards aloneness have been shown to be associated to depression, anxiety, and other psychiatric disorders in adolescents and they may also increase the vulnerability to Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). Therefore, the present study investigated the association between lifetime prevalence and functions of NSSI, parent-and peer-related loneliness, and attitude towards aloneness (positive and negative). Data regarding NSSI, loneliness, and attitude towards aloneness were collected from a sample of 401 high school students from three different high schools located in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium. Lifetime prevalence of NSSI was found to be 16.5%. Females reported a higher lifetime prevalence of NSSI than males. Higher mean scores for parent-, peer-related loneliness, and positive attitude (i.e., affinity) towards aloneness was observed in adolescents with lifetime NSSI as compared to adolescents without a history of NSSI. Finally, a positive correlation between self-related (i.e., automatic) functions of NSSI and parent-and peer-related loneliness and a positive attitude towards aloneness was also observed.
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