publication . Article . 2018

The Role of Co-occurring Emotions and Personality Traits in Anger Expression

Mill, Aire; Kööts-Ausmees, Liisi; Allik, Jüri; Realo, Anu;
Open Access English
  • Published: 09 Feb 2018 Journal: Frontiers in Psychology, volume 9 (eissn: 1664-1078, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract
The main aim of the current study was to examine the role of co-occurring emotions and their interactive effects with the Big Five personality traits in anger expression. Everyday anger expression ("anger-in" and "anger-out" behavior) was studied with the experience-sampling method in a group of 110 participants for 14 consecutive days on 7 random occasions per day. Our results showed that the simultaneously co-occurring emotions that buffer against anger expression are sadness, surprise, disgust, disappointment, and irritation for anger-in behavior, and fear, sadness and disappointment for anger-out reactions. While previous studies have shown that differentiat...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: behavior and behavior mechanismspsychological phenomena and processesmental disordersbehavioral disciplines and activities
free text keywords: co-occurring emotions, BF, anger in and anger out, cross-level interactions, Psychology, personality, momentary emotions, anger expression, experience sampling, Original Research
70 references, page 1 of 5

Affleck, G., Zautra, A., Tennen, H., and Armeli, S. (1999). Multilevel daily process designs for consulting and clinical psychology: a preface for the perplexed. J. Consult. Clin. Psych. 67, 746-754.

Averill, J. (1983). Studies on anger and aggression: implications for theories of emotion. Am. Psychol. 38, 1145-1160.

Averill, J. R. (1982). Anger and Aggression: An Essay on Emotion. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A Social Learning Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Beck, A. T. (1999). Prisoners of Hate: The Cognitive Basis of Anger, Hostility, and Violence. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Berkowitz, L. (1993). “Towards a general theory of anger and emotional aggression: implications of the cognitive-neoassociationistic perspective for the analysis of anger and other emotions,” in Perspectives on Anger and Emotion: Advances in Social Cognition, Vol. VI, eds R. S. Wyer, Jr. and T. K. Srull (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates), 1-46.

Berkowitz, L., and Harmon-Jones, E. (2004). Toward an understanding of the determinants of anger. Emotion 4, 107-130. doi: 10.1037/1528-3542.4.2.107

Berrios, R., Totterdell, P., and Kellett, S. (2015). Eliciting mixed emotions: a meta-analysis comparing models, types, and measures. Front. Psychol. 6:428. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00428

Bettencourt, B., Talley, A., Benjamin, A. J., and Valentine, J. (2006). Personality and aggressive behavior under provoking and neutral conditions: a meta-analytic review. Psychol. Bull. 132, 751-777. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.132.5.751

Bosch, N., and D'Mello, S. (2014). “Co-occurring affective states in automated computer programming education,” in Proceedings of the Workshop on AIsupported Education for Computer Science (AIEDCS) at the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (Honolulu, HI), 21-30.

Braniecka, A., Trzebinska, E., Dowgiert, A., and Wytykowska, A. (2014). Mixed emotions and coping: the benefits of secondary emotions. PLoS ONE 9:e103940. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103940 [OpenAIRE]

Costa, P. T. Jr, McCrae, R. R., and Dembroski, T. M. (1989). “Agreeableness vs. antagonism: explication of a potential risk factor for CHD,” in In Search of Coronary-Prone Behavior: Beyond Type A, eds A. Siegman and T. M. Dembroski (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates), 41-63.

Costa, P. T., McCrae, R. R., and Psychological Assessment Resources, I. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO FiveFactor Inventory (NEO FFI): Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.

Dallos, R., and Vetere, A. (2009). Systemic Therapy and Attachment Narratives: Applications in a Range of Clinical Settings. New York, NY: Routledge.

Davydov, D. M., Zech, E., and Luminet, O. (2011). Affective context of sadness and physiological response patterns. J. Psychophysiol. 25, 67-80. doi: 10.1027/0269-8803/a000031 [OpenAIRE]

70 references, page 1 of 5
Abstract
The main aim of the current study was to examine the role of co-occurring emotions and their interactive effects with the Big Five personality traits in anger expression. Everyday anger expression ("anger-in" and "anger-out" behavior) was studied with the experience-sampling method in a group of 110 participants for 14 consecutive days on 7 random occasions per day. Our results showed that the simultaneously co-occurring emotions that buffer against anger expression are sadness, surprise, disgust, disappointment, and irritation for anger-in behavior, and fear, sadness and disappointment for anger-out reactions. While previous studies have shown that differentiat...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: behavior and behavior mechanismspsychological phenomena and processesmental disordersbehavioral disciplines and activities
free text keywords: co-occurring emotions, BF, anger in and anger out, cross-level interactions, Psychology, personality, momentary emotions, anger expression, experience sampling, Original Research
70 references, page 1 of 5

Affleck, G., Zautra, A., Tennen, H., and Armeli, S. (1999). Multilevel daily process designs for consulting and clinical psychology: a preface for the perplexed. J. Consult. Clin. Psych. 67, 746-754.

Averill, J. (1983). Studies on anger and aggression: implications for theories of emotion. Am. Psychol. 38, 1145-1160.

Averill, J. R. (1982). Anger and Aggression: An Essay on Emotion. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A Social Learning Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Beck, A. T. (1999). Prisoners of Hate: The Cognitive Basis of Anger, Hostility, and Violence. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Berkowitz, L. (1993). “Towards a general theory of anger and emotional aggression: implications of the cognitive-neoassociationistic perspective for the analysis of anger and other emotions,” in Perspectives on Anger and Emotion: Advances in Social Cognition, Vol. VI, eds R. S. Wyer, Jr. and T. K. Srull (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates), 1-46.

Berkowitz, L., and Harmon-Jones, E. (2004). Toward an understanding of the determinants of anger. Emotion 4, 107-130. doi: 10.1037/1528-3542.4.2.107

Berrios, R., Totterdell, P., and Kellett, S. (2015). Eliciting mixed emotions: a meta-analysis comparing models, types, and measures. Front. Psychol. 6:428. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00428

Bettencourt, B., Talley, A., Benjamin, A. J., and Valentine, J. (2006). Personality and aggressive behavior under provoking and neutral conditions: a meta-analytic review. Psychol. Bull. 132, 751-777. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.132.5.751

Bosch, N., and D'Mello, S. (2014). “Co-occurring affective states in automated computer programming education,” in Proceedings of the Workshop on AIsupported Education for Computer Science (AIEDCS) at the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (Honolulu, HI), 21-30.

Braniecka, A., Trzebinska, E., Dowgiert, A., and Wytykowska, A. (2014). Mixed emotions and coping: the benefits of secondary emotions. PLoS ONE 9:e103940. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103940 [OpenAIRE]

Costa, P. T. Jr, McCrae, R. R., and Dembroski, T. M. (1989). “Agreeableness vs. antagonism: explication of a potential risk factor for CHD,” in In Search of Coronary-Prone Behavior: Beyond Type A, eds A. Siegman and T. M. Dembroski (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates), 41-63.

Costa, P. T., McCrae, R. R., and Psychological Assessment Resources, I. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO FiveFactor Inventory (NEO FFI): Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.

Dallos, R., and Vetere, A. (2009). Systemic Therapy and Attachment Narratives: Applications in a Range of Clinical Settings. New York, NY: Routledge.

Davydov, D. M., Zech, E., and Luminet, O. (2011). Affective context of sadness and physiological response patterns. J. Psychophysiol. 25, 67-80. doi: 10.1027/0269-8803/a000031 [OpenAIRE]

70 references, page 1 of 5
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publication . Article . 2018

The Role of Co-occurring Emotions and Personality Traits in Anger Expression

Mill, Aire; Kööts-Ausmees, Liisi; Allik, Jüri; Realo, Anu;