Sintering of alumina ceramics reinforced with a bioactive glass of 3CaO.P2O5-SiO2-MgO system

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Huang, A W ; Santos, C ; Magnago, R O ; Silva, R F F ; Strecker, K ; Daguano, J K M F (2015)
  • Publisher: Associacao Brasileira de Ceramica
  • Journal: (issn: 1678-4553)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1590/0366-69132015613581887
  • Subject: sinterização | TA1-2040 | propriedades mecânicas | Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> | caracterização | vidro bioativo | Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)

<p>Alumina-based ceramics, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>, exhibit a combination of properties which favor its use as biomaterial, specifically as structural dental prosthesis. Its most important properties as biomaterial are its elevated hardness, chemical stability and biocompatibility. Usually, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> is processed by solid-state sintering at a temperature of about 1600 <sup>o</sup>C, but it is very difficult to eliminate the porosity due to its diffusional characteristics. The objective of this work was the development and characterization of sintered Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> ceramics, densified with a transient liquid phase formed by a bioactive 3CaO.P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>-SiO<sub>2</sub>-MgO glass. Powder mixtures of 90 wt.% Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> and 10 wt.% bioglass were milled, compacted and sintered at 1200 <sup>o</sup>C to 1450 <sup>o</sup>C. Comparatively, monolithic Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> samples were sintered at 1600 <sup>o</sup>C/120 min. The sintered specimens were characterized by relative density, crystalline phases, microstructure and mechanical properties. The results indicate that the specimen sintered at 1450 <sup>o</sup>C/120 min present the best properties. Under this sintering condition, a relative density of 95% was reached, besides hardness higher than 9 GPa and fracture toughness of 6.2 MPa.m<sup>1/2</sup>. XRD analysis indicate alumina (αAl<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>), whitlockite (3CaO.P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>) and diopsite [3(Ca,Mg)O.P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>], as crystalline phases. Comparatively, monolithic sintered Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> samples presented 92% of relative density with 17.4 GPa and 3.8 MPa.m<sup>1/2</sup> of hardness and fracture toughness respectively.</p>
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