Nutrition in pregnancy: the argument for including a source of choline

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Zeisel SH;
  • Publisher: Dove Medical Press
  • Journal: International Journal of Women's Health,volume 5,pages193-199 (issn: 1179-1411, eissn: 1179-1411)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.2147/IJWH.S36610, pmc: PMC3639110
  • Subject: brain development | RG1-991 | choline | International Journal of Women's Health | Expert Opinion | pregnancy | Gynecology and obstetrics | placenta | birth defects | liver function

Steven H Zeisel Nutrition Research Institute at Kannapolis, Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kannapolis, NC, USA Abstract: Women, during pregnancy and lactation, should eat foods that contain adequate amounts of choline. A mother de... View more
  • References (72)
    72 references, page 1 of 8

    1. Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences USA. Choline. In: Dietary Reference Intakes for Folate, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1998:390-422.

    2. Zeisel SH. Choline: critical role during fetal development and dietary requirements in adults. Annu Rev Nutr. 2006;26:229-250.

    3. Zeisel SH, Mar MH, Howe JC, Holden JM. Concentrations of choline-containing compounds and betaine in common foods. J Nutr. 2003;133(5):1302-1307.

    4. Shaw GM, Carmichael SL, Yang W, Selvin S, Schaffer DM. Periconceptional dietary intake of choline and betaine and neural tube defects in offspring. Am J Epidemiol. 2004;160(2):102-109.

    5. Cho E, Zeisel SH, Jacques P, et al. Dietary choline and betaine assessed by food-frequency questionnaire in relation to plasma total homocysteine concentration in the Framingham Offspring Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;83(4):905-911.

    6. Bidulescu A, Chambless LE, Siega-Riz AM, Zeisel SH, Heiss G. Usual choline and betaine dietary intake and incident coronary heart disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2007;7:20.

    7. Bidulescu A, Chambless LE, Siega-Riz AM, Zeisel SH, Heiss G. Repeatability and measurement error in the assessment of choline and betaine dietary intake: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Nutr J. 2009;8:14.

    8. Cho E, Willett WC, Colditz GA, et al. Dietary choline and betaine and the risk of distal colorectal adenoma in women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007;99(16):1224-1231.

    9. Gossell-Williams M, Fletcher H, McFarlane-Anderson N, JacobA, Patel J, Zeisel S. Dietary intake of choline and plasma choline concentrations in pregnant women in Jamaica. West Indian Med J. 2005;54(6):355-359.

    10. Hollenbeck CB. An introduction to the nutrition and metabolism of choline. Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem. 2012;12(2):100-113.

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