publication . Article . 2010

Metabolic State Alters Economic Decision Making under Risk in Humans

Symmonds, Mkael; Emmanuel, Julian J.; Drew, Megan E.; Batterham, Rachel L.; Dolan, Raymond J.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2010 Journal: volume 5, issue 6issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203, Copyright policy
  • Publisher: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Animals' attitudes to risk are profoundly influenced by metabolic state (hunger and baseline energy stores). Specifically, animals often express a preference for risky (more variable) food sources when below a metabolic reference point (hungry), and safe (less variable) food sources when sated. Circulating hormones report the status of energy reserves and acute nutrient intake to widespread targets in the central nervous system that regulate feeding behaviour, including brain regions strongly implicated in risk and reward based decision-making in humans. Despite this, physiological influences per se have not been considered previously to influence ec...
Subjects
free text keywords: Neuroscience/Experimental Psychology, Q, R, Research Article, Diabetes and Endocrinology/Endocrinology, Neuroscience/Behavioral Neuroscience, Science, FORAGING PREFERENCES, ENERGY BUDGETS, GHRELIN LEVELS, TEST MEAL, CHOICE, APPETITE, BRAIN, IMPULSIVITY, MODULATION, VARIANCE, Medicine, Neuroscience/Cognitive Neuroscience
Funded by
WT
Project
  • Funder: Wellcome Trust (WT)
Download fromView all 5 versions
PLoS ONE
Article . 2010
UCL Discovery
Article . 2010
MPG.PuRe
Article . 2010
Provider: MPG.PuRe
44 references, page 1 of 3

1. Kahneman D, Tversky A (1979) Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk. Econometrica 47: 263-291. [OpenAIRE]

2. Caraco T (1981) Energy budgets, risk and foraging preferences in dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 8: 213-217.

3. Caraco T, Blanckenhorn WU, Gregory GM, Newman JA, Recer GM, et al. (1990) Risk-sensitivity: ambient temperature affects foraging choice. Animal Behaviour 39: 338-345.

4. Wunderle JM, Jr., Castro MS, Fetcher N (1987) Risk-Averse Foraging by Bananaquits on Negative Energy Budgets. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 21: 249-255.

5. Real L, Ott J, Silverfine E (1982) On the Tradeoff Between the Mean and the Variance in Foraging: Effect of Spatial Distribution and Color Preference. Ecology 63: 1617-1623.

6. Croy MI, Hughes RN (1991) Effects of food supply, hunger, danger and competition on choice of foraging location by the fifteen-spined stickleback, Spinachia spinachia L. Animal Behaviour 42: 131-139.

7. Barnard CJ, Brown CAJ (1985) Risk-Sensitive Foraging in Common Shrews (Sorex araneus L.). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 16: 161-164.

8. Kacelnik A, Bateson M (1996) Risky Theories-The Effects of Variance on Foraging Decisions. Amer Zool 36: 402-434.

9. Kru¨ gel U, Schraft T, Kittner H, Kiess W, Illes P (2003) Basal and feedingevoked dopamine release in the rat nucleus accumbens is depressed by leptin. European journal of pharmacology 482: 185-187.

10. Hommel JD, Trinko R, Sears RM, Georgescu D, Liu ZW, et al. (2006) Leptin receptor signaling in midbrain dopamine neurons regulates feeding. Neuron 51: 801-810.

11. Grill HJ, Kaplan JM (2002) The neuroanatomical axis for control of energy balance. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology 23: 2-40.

12. Figlewicz DP, Naleid AMD, Sipols AJ (2007) Modulation of food reward by adiposity signals. Physiology & behavior 91: 473-478.

13. Chaudhri OB, Salem V, Murphy KG, Bloom SR (2008) Gastrointestinal Satiety Signals. Annual Review of Physiology 70: 239-255.

14. Kosfeld M, Heinrichs M, Zak PJ, Fischbacher U, Fehr E (2005) Oxytocin increases trust in humans. Nature 435: 673-676. [OpenAIRE]

15. Apicella CL, Dreber A, Campbell B, Gray PB, Hoffman M, et al. (2008) Testosterone and financial risk preferences. Evolution and Human Behavior 29: 384-390.

44 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Animals' attitudes to risk are profoundly influenced by metabolic state (hunger and baseline energy stores). Specifically, animals often express a preference for risky (more variable) food sources when below a metabolic reference point (hungry), and safe (less variable) food sources when sated. Circulating hormones report the status of energy reserves and acute nutrient intake to widespread targets in the central nervous system that regulate feeding behaviour, including brain regions strongly implicated in risk and reward based decision-making in humans. Despite this, physiological influences per se have not been considered previously to influence ec...
Subjects
free text keywords: Neuroscience/Experimental Psychology, Q, R, Research Article, Diabetes and Endocrinology/Endocrinology, Neuroscience/Behavioral Neuroscience, Science, FORAGING PREFERENCES, ENERGY BUDGETS, GHRELIN LEVELS, TEST MEAL, CHOICE, APPETITE, BRAIN, IMPULSIVITY, MODULATION, VARIANCE, Medicine, Neuroscience/Cognitive Neuroscience
Funded by
WT
Project
  • Funder: Wellcome Trust (WT)
Download fromView all 5 versions
PLoS ONE
Article . 2010
UCL Discovery
Article . 2010
MPG.PuRe
Article . 2010
Provider: MPG.PuRe
44 references, page 1 of 3

1. Kahneman D, Tversky A (1979) Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk. Econometrica 47: 263-291. [OpenAIRE]

2. Caraco T (1981) Energy budgets, risk and foraging preferences in dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 8: 213-217.

3. Caraco T, Blanckenhorn WU, Gregory GM, Newman JA, Recer GM, et al. (1990) Risk-sensitivity: ambient temperature affects foraging choice. Animal Behaviour 39: 338-345.

4. Wunderle JM, Jr., Castro MS, Fetcher N (1987) Risk-Averse Foraging by Bananaquits on Negative Energy Budgets. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 21: 249-255.

5. Real L, Ott J, Silverfine E (1982) On the Tradeoff Between the Mean and the Variance in Foraging: Effect of Spatial Distribution and Color Preference. Ecology 63: 1617-1623.

6. Croy MI, Hughes RN (1991) Effects of food supply, hunger, danger and competition on choice of foraging location by the fifteen-spined stickleback, Spinachia spinachia L. Animal Behaviour 42: 131-139.

7. Barnard CJ, Brown CAJ (1985) Risk-Sensitive Foraging in Common Shrews (Sorex araneus L.). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 16: 161-164.

8. Kacelnik A, Bateson M (1996) Risky Theories-The Effects of Variance on Foraging Decisions. Amer Zool 36: 402-434.

9. Kru¨ gel U, Schraft T, Kittner H, Kiess W, Illes P (2003) Basal and feedingevoked dopamine release in the rat nucleus accumbens is depressed by leptin. European journal of pharmacology 482: 185-187.

10. Hommel JD, Trinko R, Sears RM, Georgescu D, Liu ZW, et al. (2006) Leptin receptor signaling in midbrain dopamine neurons regulates feeding. Neuron 51: 801-810.

11. Grill HJ, Kaplan JM (2002) The neuroanatomical axis for control of energy balance. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology 23: 2-40.

12. Figlewicz DP, Naleid AMD, Sipols AJ (2007) Modulation of food reward by adiposity signals. Physiology & behavior 91: 473-478.

13. Chaudhri OB, Salem V, Murphy KG, Bloom SR (2008) Gastrointestinal Satiety Signals. Annual Review of Physiology 70: 239-255.

14. Kosfeld M, Heinrichs M, Zak PJ, Fischbacher U, Fehr E (2005) Oxytocin increases trust in humans. Nature 435: 673-676. [OpenAIRE]

15. Apicella CL, Dreber A, Campbell B, Gray PB, Hoffman M, et al. (2008) Testosterone and financial risk preferences. Evolution and Human Behavior 29: 384-390.

44 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Article . 2010

Metabolic State Alters Economic Decision Making under Risk in Humans

Symmonds, Mkael; Emmanuel, Julian J.; Drew, Megan E.; Batterham, Rachel L.; Dolan, Raymond J.;