publication . Article . 2016

Atlantic SSTs control regime shifts in forest fire activity of Northern Scandinavia

Igor Drobyshev; Yves Bergeron; Anne de Vernal; Anders Moberg; Adam A. Ali; Mats Niklasson;
Open Access English
  • Published: 04 Mar 2016 Journal: Scientific Reports, volume 6 (issn: 2045-2322, eissn: 2045-2322, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract
Understanding the drivers of the boreal forest fire activity is challenging due to the complexity of the interactions driving fire regimes. We analyzed drivers of forest fire activity in Northern Scandinavia (above 60 N) by combining modern and proxy data over the Holocene. The results suggest that the cold climate in northern Scandinavia was generally characterized by dry conditions favourable to periods of regionally increased fire activity. We propose that the cold conditions over the northern North Atlantic, associated with low SSTs, expansion of sea ice cover, and the southward shift in the position of the subpolar gyre, redirect southward the precipitation...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ecology, Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Article, Climate Research
Funded by
NSERC
Project
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
85 references, page 1 of 6

Bond-Lamberty B., Peckham S. D., Ahl D. E. & Gower S. T. Fire as the dominant driver of central Canadian boreal forest carbon balance. Nature (London) 450, 89–92, doi: 10.1038/nature06272 (2007).17972883 [PubMed] [DOI]

Bowman D. M.. Forest fire management, climate change, and the risk of catastrophic carbon losses. Front. Ecol. Environ.11, 66–68, doi: 10.1890/13.WB.005 (2013). [DOI]

Amiro B. D.. Fire weather index system components for large fires in the Canadian boreal forest. Int. J. Wildland Fire 13, 391–400, doi: 10.1071/WF03066 (2004). [DOI]

de Groot W. J.. A comparison of Canadian and Russian boreal forest fire regimes. Forest Ecol. Manag.294, 23–34, doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.07.033 (2013). [DOI]

van der Werf G.. Global fire emissions and the contribution of deforestation, savanna, forest, agricultural, and peat fires (1997–2009). Atmos. Chem. Phys.10, 11707–11735, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-11707-2010 (2010). [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Mcrae D.. Variability of fire behavior, fire effects, and emissions in Scotch pine forests of Central Siberia. Mitig. adapt. strategies glob. chang . 11, 45–74, doi: 10.1007/s11027-006-1008-4 (2006). [DOI]

Bergeron Y., Gauthier S., Flannigan M. & Kafka V. Fire regimes at the transition between mixedwood and coniferous boreal forest in Northwestern Quebec. Ecology 85, 1916–1932, doi: 10.1890/02-0716 (2004). [DOI]

Stocks B. J. & Lynham T. J. Fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia (eds. Goldammer J. G. & Furyaev V. V.). 481–494 (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1996).

Flannigan M. D. & Wotton B. M. Forest fires: behavior and ecological effects . (eds. Johnson E. A. & Miyanishi K.), 315–373 (Academic Press, San Francisco, CA, 2001) doi: 10.1016/B978-012386660-8/50012-X (2001). [DOI]

Pyne S. J.World Fire: The Culture of Fire on Earth (Universit y of Washington Press, 1997).

Bradshaw R. H., Lindbladh M. & Hannon G. E. The role of fire in southern Scandinavian forests during the late Holocene. Int. J. Wildland Fire 19, 1040–1049, doi: 10.1071/WF09108 (2010). [DOI]

Niklasson M. & Granström A. Numbers and sizes of fires: Long-term spatially explicit fire history in a Swedish boreal landscape. Ecology 81, 1484–1499, doi: 10.2307/177301 (2000). [DOI]

Drobyshev I., Niklasson M. & Linderholm H. Forest fire activity in Sweden: Climatic controls and geographical patterns in the 20 th century. Agr. Forest Meteorol. 154-155, 174–186, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.11.002 (2012). [DOI]

Birks C. J. A. & Koc N. A high-resolution diatom record of late-Quaternary sea-surface temperatures and oceanographic conditions from the eastern Norwegian Sea. Boreas 31, 323–344, doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2002.tb01077.x. (2002). [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Talandier C.. Improvements of simulated Western North Atlantic current system and impacts on the AMOC. Ocean Model.76, 1–19, doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.12.007 (2014). [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

85 references, page 1 of 6
Abstract
Understanding the drivers of the boreal forest fire activity is challenging due to the complexity of the interactions driving fire regimes. We analyzed drivers of forest fire activity in Northern Scandinavia (above 60 N) by combining modern and proxy data over the Holocene. The results suggest that the cold climate in northern Scandinavia was generally characterized by dry conditions favourable to periods of regionally increased fire activity. We propose that the cold conditions over the northern North Atlantic, associated with low SSTs, expansion of sea ice cover, and the southward shift in the position of the subpolar gyre, redirect southward the precipitation...
Subjects
free text keywords: Ecology, Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Article, Climate Research
Funded by
NSERC
Project
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
85 references, page 1 of 6

Bond-Lamberty B., Peckham S. D., Ahl D. E. & Gower S. T. Fire as the dominant driver of central Canadian boreal forest carbon balance. Nature (London) 450, 89–92, doi: 10.1038/nature06272 (2007).17972883 [PubMed] [DOI]

Bowman D. M.. Forest fire management, climate change, and the risk of catastrophic carbon losses. Front. Ecol. Environ.11, 66–68, doi: 10.1890/13.WB.005 (2013). [DOI]

Amiro B. D.. Fire weather index system components for large fires in the Canadian boreal forest. Int. J. Wildland Fire 13, 391–400, doi: 10.1071/WF03066 (2004). [DOI]

de Groot W. J.. A comparison of Canadian and Russian boreal forest fire regimes. Forest Ecol. Manag.294, 23–34, doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.07.033 (2013). [DOI]

van der Werf G.. Global fire emissions and the contribution of deforestation, savanna, forest, agricultural, and peat fires (1997–2009). Atmos. Chem. Phys.10, 11707–11735, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-11707-2010 (2010). [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Mcrae D.. Variability of fire behavior, fire effects, and emissions in Scotch pine forests of Central Siberia. Mitig. adapt. strategies glob. chang . 11, 45–74, doi: 10.1007/s11027-006-1008-4 (2006). [DOI]

Bergeron Y., Gauthier S., Flannigan M. & Kafka V. Fire regimes at the transition between mixedwood and coniferous boreal forest in Northwestern Quebec. Ecology 85, 1916–1932, doi: 10.1890/02-0716 (2004). [DOI]

Stocks B. J. & Lynham T. J. Fire in ecosystems of boreal Eurasia (eds. Goldammer J. G. & Furyaev V. V.). 481–494 (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1996).

Flannigan M. D. & Wotton B. M. Forest fires: behavior and ecological effects . (eds. Johnson E. A. & Miyanishi K.), 315–373 (Academic Press, San Francisco, CA, 2001) doi: 10.1016/B978-012386660-8/50012-X (2001). [DOI]

Pyne S. J.World Fire: The Culture of Fire on Earth (Universit y of Washington Press, 1997).

Bradshaw R. H., Lindbladh M. & Hannon G. E. The role of fire in southern Scandinavian forests during the late Holocene. Int. J. Wildland Fire 19, 1040–1049, doi: 10.1071/WF09108 (2010). [DOI]

Niklasson M. & Granström A. Numbers and sizes of fires: Long-term spatially explicit fire history in a Swedish boreal landscape. Ecology 81, 1484–1499, doi: 10.2307/177301 (2000). [DOI]

Drobyshev I., Niklasson M. & Linderholm H. Forest fire activity in Sweden: Climatic controls and geographical patterns in the 20 th century. Agr. Forest Meteorol. 154-155, 174–186, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.11.002 (2012). [DOI]

Birks C. J. A. & Koc N. A high-resolution diatom record of late-Quaternary sea-surface temperatures and oceanographic conditions from the eastern Norwegian Sea. Boreas 31, 323–344, doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2002.tb01077.x. (2002). [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Talandier C.. Improvements of simulated Western North Atlantic current system and impacts on the AMOC. Ocean Model.76, 1–19, doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2013.12.007 (2014). [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

85 references, page 1 of 6
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publication . Article . 2016

Atlantic SSTs control regime shifts in forest fire activity of Northern Scandinavia

Igor Drobyshev; Yves Bergeron; Anne de Vernal; Anders Moberg; Adam A. Ali; Mats Niklasson;