publication . Other literature type . Article . 2015

Ornithopter Type Flapping Wings for Autonomous Micro Air Vehicles

Srigrarom, Sutthiphong; Chan, Woei-Leong;
Open Access English
  • Published: 13 May 2015 Journal: Aerospace (issn: 2226-4310, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
Abstract
In this paper, an ornithopter prototype that mimics the flapping motion of bird flight is developed, and the lift and thrust generation characteristics of different wing designs are evaluated. This project focused on the spar arrangement and material used for the wings that could achieves improved performance. Various lift and thrust measurement techniques are explored and evaluated. Various wings of insects and birds were evaluated to understand how these natural flyers with flapping wings are able to produce sufficient lift to fly. The differences in the flapping aerodynamics were also detailed. Experiments on different wing designs and materials were conducte...
Subjects
free text keywords: TL1-4050, micro air vehicle (MAV), ornithopter-like flapping wing, TL, Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics, albatross-like wing
40 references, page 1 of 3

Shyy, W.; Lian, Y.; Tang, J.; Vileru, D.; Liu, H. Aerodynamics of Low Reynolds Number Flyers, 1st ed.; Cambridge University Press: New York, NY, USA, 2008.

Groen, M.A. PIV and Force Measurements on the Flapping-Wing MAV DelFly II. Master's Thesis, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 2010.

3. Ellington, C.P.; van den Berg, C.; Willmott, A.P.; Thomas, A.L.R. Leading-edge vortices in insect flight. Nature 1996, 384, 626-630.

4. Jones, K.D.; Platzer, M.F. Design and development considerations for biologically inspired flapping-wing micro air vehicles. Exp. Fluids 2009, 46, 799-810.

5. Breugel, F.V.; Regan, W.; Lipson, H. From Insects to Machines. IEEE Robot. Autom. Mag. 2008, 15, 68-74.

6. Ellington, C.P. The aerodynamics of hovering insect flight III Kinematics. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 1984, 305, doi:10.1098/rstb.1984.0051.

7. Dickinson, M.H. The effects of wing rotation on unsteady aerodynamic performance at low reynolds numbers. J. Exp. Biol. 1994, 192, 179-206.

8. Sane, P.S. The aerodynamics of insect flight. J. Exp. Biol. 2003, 206, 4191-4208.

9. Dickinson, M.H.; Lehmann, F.-O.; Sane, S.P. Wing rotation and the aerodynamic basis of insect flight. Science 1999, 284, 1954-1960.

10. Sayaman, R.; Fry, S.N.; Dickinson, M.H. Unsteady mechanisms of force generation in aquatic and aerial locomotion. Am. Zool. 1996, 36, 537-554.

11. Azuma, A. The Biokinetics of Flying and Swimming; Springer: Tokyo, Japan, 1992.

12. Chapman, R.F. The Insects: Structures and Function, 4th ed.; Combridge University Press: New York, NY, USA, 1998.

13. Alexander, D.E. Nature's Flyers: Birds, Insects and the Biomechanics of Flight; The Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, MD, USA, 2004.

14. Ellington, C. The Novel Aerodynamics of insect flight: Applications to micro air vechicles. J. Exp. Biol. 1999, 202, 3439-3448.

15. Lehmann, F.-O.; Pick, S. The aerodynamic benefit of wing-wing interaction depends on stroke trajectory in flapping insect wings. J. Exp. Biol. 2007, 210, 1362-1377.

40 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
In this paper, an ornithopter prototype that mimics the flapping motion of bird flight is developed, and the lift and thrust generation characteristics of different wing designs are evaluated. This project focused on the spar arrangement and material used for the wings that could achieves improved performance. Various lift and thrust measurement techniques are explored and evaluated. Various wings of insects and birds were evaluated to understand how these natural flyers with flapping wings are able to produce sufficient lift to fly. The differences in the flapping aerodynamics were also detailed. Experiments on different wing designs and materials were conducte...
Subjects
free text keywords: TL1-4050, micro air vehicle (MAV), ornithopter-like flapping wing, TL, Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics, albatross-like wing
40 references, page 1 of 3

Shyy, W.; Lian, Y.; Tang, J.; Vileru, D.; Liu, H. Aerodynamics of Low Reynolds Number Flyers, 1st ed.; Cambridge University Press: New York, NY, USA, 2008.

Groen, M.A. PIV and Force Measurements on the Flapping-Wing MAV DelFly II. Master's Thesis, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 2010.

3. Ellington, C.P.; van den Berg, C.; Willmott, A.P.; Thomas, A.L.R. Leading-edge vortices in insect flight. Nature 1996, 384, 626-630.

4. Jones, K.D.; Platzer, M.F. Design and development considerations for biologically inspired flapping-wing micro air vehicles. Exp. Fluids 2009, 46, 799-810.

5. Breugel, F.V.; Regan, W.; Lipson, H. From Insects to Machines. IEEE Robot. Autom. Mag. 2008, 15, 68-74.

6. Ellington, C.P. The aerodynamics of hovering insect flight III Kinematics. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 1984, 305, doi:10.1098/rstb.1984.0051.

7. Dickinson, M.H. The effects of wing rotation on unsteady aerodynamic performance at low reynolds numbers. J. Exp. Biol. 1994, 192, 179-206.

8. Sane, P.S. The aerodynamics of insect flight. J. Exp. Biol. 2003, 206, 4191-4208.

9. Dickinson, M.H.; Lehmann, F.-O.; Sane, S.P. Wing rotation and the aerodynamic basis of insect flight. Science 1999, 284, 1954-1960.

10. Sayaman, R.; Fry, S.N.; Dickinson, M.H. Unsteady mechanisms of force generation in aquatic and aerial locomotion. Am. Zool. 1996, 36, 537-554.

11. Azuma, A. The Biokinetics of Flying and Swimming; Springer: Tokyo, Japan, 1992.

12. Chapman, R.F. The Insects: Structures and Function, 4th ed.; Combridge University Press: New York, NY, USA, 1998.

13. Alexander, D.E. Nature's Flyers: Birds, Insects and the Biomechanics of Flight; The Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, MD, USA, 2004.

14. Ellington, C. The Novel Aerodynamics of insect flight: Applications to micro air vechicles. J. Exp. Biol. 1999, 202, 3439-3448.

15. Lehmann, F.-O.; Pick, S. The aerodynamic benefit of wing-wing interaction depends on stroke trajectory in flapping insect wings. J. Exp. Biol. 2007, 210, 1362-1377.

40 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Other literature type . Article . 2015

Ornithopter Type Flapping Wings for Autonomous Micro Air Vehicles

Srigrarom, Sutthiphong; Chan, Woei-Leong;