Burning Mouth Syndrome

Article, Other literature type English OPEN
Mock, David ; Chugh, Deepika (2010)
  • Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
  • Journal: International Journal of Oral Science, volume 2, issue 1, pages 1-4 (issn: 1674-2818, eissn: 2049-3169)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i5.665, doi: 10.4248/IJOS10008, pmc: PMC3475590
  • Subject: orofacial pain | R | RK1-715 | neuropathic pain | burning mouth syndrome (BMS) | Dentistry | Minireviews | Review | stomatodynia | Oral Health | Medicine

Burning mouth syndrome is a debilitating medical condition affecting nearly 1.3 million of Americans. Its common features include a burning painful sensation in the mouth, often associated with dysgeusia and xerostomia, despite normal salivation. Classically, symptoms are better in the morning, worsen during the day and typically subside at night. Its etiology is largely multifactorial, and associated medical conditions may include gastrointestinal, urogenital, psychiatric, neurologic and metabolic disorders, as well as drug reactions. BMS has clear predisposition to peri-/post menopausal females. Its pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated and involves peripheral and central neuropathic pathways. Clinical diagnosis relies on careful history taking, physical examination and laboratory analysis. Treatment is often tedious and is aimed at correction of underlying medical conditions, supportive therapy, and behavioral feedback. Drug therapy with alpha lipoic acid, clonazepam, capsaicin, and antidepressants may provide symptom relief. Psychotherapy may be helpful. Short term follow up data is promising, however, long term prognosis with treatment is lacking. BMS remains an important medical condition which often places a recognizable burden on the patient and health care system and requires appropriate recognition and treatment.
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