A New Anatomically Based Nomenclature for the Roots and Root Canals—Part 1: Maxillary Molars

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Kottoor, Jojo ; Albuquerque, Denzil Valerian ; Velmurugan, Natanasabapathy (2011)
  • Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
  • Journal: International Journal of Dentistry, volume 2,012 (issn: 1687-8728, eissn: 1687-8736)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1155/2012/120565, pmc: PMC3246733
  • Subject: Clinical Study | RK1-715 | Dentistry

Numerous terminologies have been employed in the dental literature to describe the roots and root canal systems of maxillary molars. This multiplicity in naming of roots and canals makes the reader susceptible to misinterpretation and confusion. No consensus thus far has been arrived at for defining the names of roots and root canals in maxillary molars, including their various morphological aberrations. The anatomical relation of roots and their root canals were identified and were subsequently named based on definite sets of criteria. A new method for identification and naming of roots and root canal anatomy in maxillary molars, based on their root and canal relationship, was formulated and is presented in this paper. The nomenclature makes certain essential modifications to the traditional approach to accommodate naming of the various aberrations presented in the maxillary molars. A simple, yet extensive, nomenclature system has been proposed that appropriately names the internal and external morphology of maxillary molars.
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