Systems of innovation
ter Weel, B.J.
- Publisher: UNU-MERIT, Maastricht Economic and Social Research and Training Centre on Innovation and Technology
national innovation systems, innovation policy
We review the literature on national innovation systems. We first focus on the emergence of the concept of innovation systems, reviewing its historical origins and three main flavours (associated to three â€œfounding fathersâ€ of the concept). After this, we discuss how the notion of innovation systems filled a need for providing a broader basis for innovation policy. We conclude with some perspectives on the future of the innovation systems literature.