Gaming Device Usage Patterns Predict Internet Gaming Disorder: Comparison across Different Gaming Device Usage Patterns

Article English OPEN
Soo-Hyun Paik ; Hyun Cho ; Ji-Won Chun ; Jo-Eun Jeong ; Dai-Jin Kim (2017)
  • Publisher: MDPI AG
  • Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, volume 14, issue 12 (issn: 1660-4601, eissn: 1660-4601)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/ijerph14121512, pmc: PMC5750930
  • Subject: game device usage pattern | R | smartphone | comorbidity | Internet gaming disorder | Medicine | Article
    acm: ComputingMilieux_PERSONALCOMPUTING

Gaming behaviors have been significantly influenced by smartphones. This study was designed to explore gaming behaviors and clinical characteristics across different gaming device usage patterns and the role of the patterns on Internet gaming disorder (IGD). Responders of an online survey regarding smartphone and online game usage were classified by different gaming device usage patterns: (1) individuals who played only computer games; (2) individuals who played computer games more than smartphone games; (3) individuals who played computer and smartphone games evenly; (4) individuals who played smartphone games more than computer games; (5) individuals who played only smartphone games. Data on demographics, gaming-related behaviors, and scales for Internet and smartphone addiction, depression, anxiety disorder, and substance use were collected. Combined users, especially those who played computer and smartphone games evenly, had higher prevalence of IGD, depression, anxiety disorder, and substance use disorder. These subjects were more prone to develop IGD than reference group (computer only gamers) (B = 0.457, odds ratio = 1.579). Smartphone only gamers had the lowest prevalence of IGD, spent the least time and money on gaming, and showed lowest scores of Internet and smartphone addiction. Our findings suggest that gaming device usage patterns may be associated with the occurrence, course, and prognosis of IGD.
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