publication . Article . 2015

Attentional bias in high math-anxious individuals: evidence from an emotional Stroop task

MACARENA eSUÁREZ PELLICIONI; MARIA ISABEL eNÚÑEZ-PEÑA; Angels eColome;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Oct 2015 Journal: Frontiers in Psychology, volume 6 (issn: 1664-1078, eissn: 1664-1078, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Abstract
Attentional bias towards threatening or emotional information is considered a cognitive marker of anxiety, and it has been described in various clinical and subclinical populations. This study used an emotional Stroop task to investigate whether math anxiety is characterized by an attentional bias towards math-related words. Two previous studies failed to observe such an effect in math-anxious individuals, although the authors acknowledged certain methodological limitations that the present study seeks to avoid. Twenty high math-anxious (HMA) and 20 low math-anxious (LMA) individuals were presented with an emotional Stroop task including math-related and neutral...
Subjects
free text keywords: Anxiety, Ansietat, emotional Stroop task, Psychology, Cognition, math anxiety, BF1-990, Attention, Original Research, attentional bias, Cognició
53 references, page 1 of 4

Alexander L. Martray C. (1989). The development of an abbreviated version of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale. Meas. Eval. Couns. Dev. 22 143–150.

Amir N. Beard C. Taylor C. T. Klumpp H. Elias J. Burns M. (2009). Attention training in individuals with generalized social phobia: a randomized controlled trial. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 77 961–973. 10.1037/a0016685 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Andersson G. Westöö J. Johansson L. Carlbring P. (2006). Cognitive bias via the internet: a comparison of web-based and standard emotional stroop tasks in social phobia. Cogn. Behav. Ther. 35 55–62. 10.1080/16506070500372469 [DOI]

Ashcraft M. H. Faust M. W. (1994). Mathematics anxiety and mental arithmetic performance: an exploratory investigation. Cogn. Emot. 8 97–125. 10.1080/02699939408408931 [DOI]

Ashley V. Honzel N. Larsen J. Justus T. Swick D. (2013). Attentional bias for trauma-related words: exaggerated emotional Stroop effect in Afghanistan and Iraq war veterans with PTSD. BMC Psychiatry 13:86. 10.1186/1471-244X-13-86 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Bar-Haim Y. Lamy D. Pergamin L. Bakermans-Kranenburg M. J. van IJzendoorn M. H. (2007). Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: a meta-analytic study. Psychol. Bull. 133 1–24. 10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.1 [DOI]

Beck A. T. Emery G. Greenberg R. L. (1985). Anxiety Disorders and Phobias: A Cognitive Perspective. New York, NY: Basic Book.

Conde V. Escribá J. A. Izquierdo J. (1970). Evaluación estadística y adaptación castellana de la escala autoaplicada para la depresión de Zung. Arch. Neurobiol. 33 185–206.

Dresler T. Hindi Attar C. Spitzer C. Löwe B. Deckert J. Büchel C. (2012). Neural correlates of the emotional Stroop task in panic disorder patients: an event-related fMRI study. J. Psychiatr. Res. 46 1627–1634. 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.09.004 [DOI]

Erblich J. Montgomery G. H. Cloitre M. Valdimarsdottir H. B. Bovbjerg D. H. (2003). Biased cognitive processing of cancer-related information among women with family histories of breast cancer: evidence from a cancer Stroop task. Health Psychol. 22 235–244. 10.1037/0278-6133.22.3.235 [DOI]

Eysenck M. W. Byrne A. (1992). Anxiety and susceptibility to distraction. Pers. Individ. Differ. 13 793–798. 10.1016/0191-8869(92)90052-Q [DOI]

Eysenck M. W. Calvo M. G. (1992). Anxiety and performance: the processing efficiency theory. Cogn. Emot. 6 409–434. 10.1080/02699939208409696 [DOI]

Eysenck M. W. Derakshan N. Santos R. Calvo M. G. (2007). Anxiety and cognitive performance: attentional control theory. Emotion 7 336–353. 10.1037/1528-3542.7.2.336 [DOI]

Faust M. W. Ashcraft M. H. Fleck D. E. (1996). Mathematics anxiety effects in simple and complex addition. Math. Cogn. 2 25–62. 10.1080/135467996387534 [DOI]

Fox E. Russo R. Bowles R. Dutton K. (2001). Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety? J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 130 681–700. 10.1037/0096-3445.130.4.681 [DOI]

53 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Attentional bias towards threatening or emotional information is considered a cognitive marker of anxiety, and it has been described in various clinical and subclinical populations. This study used an emotional Stroop task to investigate whether math anxiety is characterized by an attentional bias towards math-related words. Two previous studies failed to observe such an effect in math-anxious individuals, although the authors acknowledged certain methodological limitations that the present study seeks to avoid. Twenty high math-anxious (HMA) and 20 low math-anxious (LMA) individuals were presented with an emotional Stroop task including math-related and neutral...
Subjects
free text keywords: Anxiety, Ansietat, emotional Stroop task, Psychology, Cognition, math anxiety, BF1-990, Attention, Original Research, attentional bias, Cognició
53 references, page 1 of 4

Alexander L. Martray C. (1989). The development of an abbreviated version of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale. Meas. Eval. Couns. Dev. 22 143–150.

Amir N. Beard C. Taylor C. T. Klumpp H. Elias J. Burns M. (2009). Attention training in individuals with generalized social phobia: a randomized controlled trial. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 77 961–973. 10.1037/a0016685 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Andersson G. Westöö J. Johansson L. Carlbring P. (2006). Cognitive bias via the internet: a comparison of web-based and standard emotional stroop tasks in social phobia. Cogn. Behav. Ther. 35 55–62. 10.1080/16506070500372469 [DOI]

Ashcraft M. H. Faust M. W. (1994). Mathematics anxiety and mental arithmetic performance: an exploratory investigation. Cogn. Emot. 8 97–125. 10.1080/02699939408408931 [DOI]

Ashley V. Honzel N. Larsen J. Justus T. Swick D. (2013). Attentional bias for trauma-related words: exaggerated emotional Stroop effect in Afghanistan and Iraq war veterans with PTSD. BMC Psychiatry 13:86. 10.1186/1471-244X-13-86 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Bar-Haim Y. Lamy D. Pergamin L. Bakermans-Kranenburg M. J. van IJzendoorn M. H. (2007). Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: a meta-analytic study. Psychol. Bull. 133 1–24. 10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.1 [DOI]

Beck A. T. Emery G. Greenberg R. L. (1985). Anxiety Disorders and Phobias: A Cognitive Perspective. New York, NY: Basic Book.

Conde V. Escribá J. A. Izquierdo J. (1970). Evaluación estadística y adaptación castellana de la escala autoaplicada para la depresión de Zung. Arch. Neurobiol. 33 185–206.

Dresler T. Hindi Attar C. Spitzer C. Löwe B. Deckert J. Büchel C. (2012). Neural correlates of the emotional Stroop task in panic disorder patients: an event-related fMRI study. J. Psychiatr. Res. 46 1627–1634. 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.09.004 [DOI]

Erblich J. Montgomery G. H. Cloitre M. Valdimarsdottir H. B. Bovbjerg D. H. (2003). Biased cognitive processing of cancer-related information among women with family histories of breast cancer: evidence from a cancer Stroop task. Health Psychol. 22 235–244. 10.1037/0278-6133.22.3.235 [DOI]

Eysenck M. W. Byrne A. (1992). Anxiety and susceptibility to distraction. Pers. Individ. Differ. 13 793–798. 10.1016/0191-8869(92)90052-Q [DOI]

Eysenck M. W. Calvo M. G. (1992). Anxiety and performance: the processing efficiency theory. Cogn. Emot. 6 409–434. 10.1080/02699939208409696 [DOI]

Eysenck M. W. Derakshan N. Santos R. Calvo M. G. (2007). Anxiety and cognitive performance: attentional control theory. Emotion 7 336–353. 10.1037/1528-3542.7.2.336 [DOI]

Faust M. W. Ashcraft M. H. Fleck D. E. (1996). Mathematics anxiety effects in simple and complex addition. Math. Cogn. 2 25–62. 10.1080/135467996387534 [DOI]

Fox E. Russo R. Bowles R. Dutton K. (2001). Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety? J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 130 681–700. 10.1037/0096-3445.130.4.681 [DOI]

53 references, page 1 of 4
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publication . Article . 2015

Attentional bias in high math-anxious individuals: evidence from an emotional Stroop task

MACARENA eSUÁREZ PELLICIONI; MARIA ISABEL eNÚÑEZ-PEÑA; Angels eColome;