Perceived Parental Monitoring and Health Risk Behavior among Public Secondary School Students in El Salvador
Springer, Andrew E.
de Guardado, Alba Margarita
Nava, Francisco Vázquez
Kelder, Steven H.
- Publisher: TheScientificWorldJOURNAL
(issn: 1537-744X, eissn: 1537-744X)
sexual bahavior | Research Article | risk behavior | Science (General) | Q1-390 | adolescence | El Salvador | drug use | Article Subject | parenting
Although parental monitoring has received considerable attention in studies of U.S. adolescents, few published studies have examined how parents' knowledge of their children's whereabouts may influence health risk behaviors in adolescents living in Latin America. We investigated the association between perceived parental monitoring and substance use, fighting, and sexual behaviors in rural and urban Salvadoran adolescents (n = 982). After adjusting for several sociodemographic covariates, multilevel regression analyses indicated that students reporting low parental monitoring were between 2 to 3.5 times more likely to report risk behaviors examined. The promotion of specific parenting practices such as parental monitoring may hold promise for reducing adolescent risk behaviors in El Salvador.