Managing marine litter: Exploring the evolving role of international and european law in confronting a persistent environmental problem

Article English OPEN
Arie Trouwborst;
  • Publisher: Ubiquity Press
  • Journal: Utrecht Journal of International and European Law (issn: 2053-5341, eissn: 2053-5341)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.5334/
  • Subject: Marine Strategy Framework Directive | Law | Law of Europe | Marine Strategy Framework Direc- tive. | OSPAR Convention | Marine litter | Plastic pollution | K | International Environmental Law | KJ-KKZ | Marine litter; Plastic pollution; International Environmental Law; OSPAR Convention; Marine Strategy Framework Directive

<p style="margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 11.0px Times; color: #1a1a18;"> </p><p style="margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 11.0px Times; color: #1a1a18;">The contamination of the world's oceans by human garbage, especially plastics, ranks among those environm... View more
  • References (20)
    20 references, page 1 of 2

    151 Congressional Record, S1261-02, S1295-S1296 (10 February 2005); cited in SL Dautel, 'Transoceanic Trash: International and United States Strategies for the Great Pacific Garbage Patch' (2009) 3 Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal 181, 181.

    Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (adopted 22 September 1992, entered into force 25 March 1998) 32 ILM 1069 (OSPAR Convention).

    Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of marine environmental policy [2008] OJ L164/19 (Directive 2008/56/EC).

    ibid, Annex V arts 3(1)(b)(i) and 3(1)(a).

    ibid, Appendix 3 para 1(d).

    OSPAR Agreement 2010-02: Guideline for Monitoring Marine Litter on the Beaches in the OSPAR Maritime Area (2010); OSPAR Agreement 2010-06: Agreement on a Voluntary Marine Beach Litter Monitoring Programme (2010) (replaces Agreement 2007-07).

    OSPAR Agreement 2007-10: Guidance on How to Develop a Fishing for Litter Project (2007); OSPAR Recommendation 2010/19: OSPAR Recommendation 2010/19 on the Reduction of Marine Litter through the Implementation of Fishing for Litter Initiatives (2010).

    ibid OSPAR Recommendation 2010/9, para 3.1.

    ibid, para 5.3.

    See eg OSPAR The OSPAR System of Ecological Quality Objectives for the North Sea, Update 2010 (OSPAR Commission 2010).

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