publication . Article . 2017

Questionnaire survey of the pan-African trade in lion body parts

Williams, Vivienne L.; Loveridge, Andrew J.; Newton, David J.; Macdonald, David W.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Oct 2017 Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 12, issue 10 (issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
Abstract
The African lion is in decline across its range, and consumptive utilisation and trade of their body parts and skins has been postulated as a cause for concern. We undertook a pan-African questionnaire and literature survey to document informed opinion and evidence for the occurrence of domestic and international trade and consumption in African lion body parts across current and former range states. Sixty-five people from 18 countries participated in the online questionnaire survey (run from July 2014 to May 2015), with information provided for 28 countries (including 20 out of 24 countries believed to have extant populations). Respondents were experts within t...
Subjects
free text keywords: Digestive System, Lipids, Research Article, Anatomy, Research Design, Eukaryota, Surveys, Geographical locations, South Africa, Commerce, Head, Zootherapy, People and places, Fats, Teeth, Animals, Survey Research, Health Care, Jaw, Africa, Biology and Life Sciences, Research and Analysis Methods, Medicine, Vertebrates, Amniotes, Q, R, Economics, Cats, Mammals, Lions, Social Sciences, Science, Biochemistry, Organisms, Medicine and Health Sciences, International Trade
157 references, page 1 of 11

1 Bauer H, Packer C, Funston PF, Henschel P, Nowell K. Panthera leo. The IUCN Red List of th reatened species. 2016 Further information. Available: http://www.iucnredlist.org/attachments/2586. Cited 2 May 2017.

2 Bauer H, Chapron G, Nowell K, Henschel P, Funston P, Hunter LTB, et al Lion (Panthera leo) populations are declining rapidly across Africa, except in intensively managed areas. PNAS. 2015; 112: 14894–14899 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1500664112 26504235 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

3 Bauer H, Packer C, Funston PF, Henschel P, Nowell K. Panthera leo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T15951A79929984. Available: http://dx.doi.o rg/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T15951A107265605.en. Cited 1 Dec 2015.

4 Panthera, WILDAID & WildCRU. Beyond Cecil: Africa’s lions in crisis. Report; 2016. Available: http://letlionslive.org/LionReport.pdf

5 Williams VL, Newton DJ, Loveridge AJ, Macdonald DW. Bones of contention: an assessment of the South African trade in African lion Panthera leo bones and other body parts. Cambridge: TRAFFIC and Oxford: WildCRU; 2015 Available: http://www.traffic.org/species-reports/traffic_species_ mammals83.pdf

6 Williams VL, Loveridge AJ, Newton DJ, Macdonald DW. Tiger-bone trade could threaten lions. Nature. 2015; 523: 290 doi: 10.1038/523290a

7 Williams VL, Loveridge AJ, Newton DJ, Macdonald DW. ‘Skullduggery’: lions align and their mandibles rock!PLoS ONE. 2015; 10(11): e0135144 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135144 26536601 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

8 Williams VL, Loveridge AJ, Newton DJ, Macdonald DM. A roaring trade? The legal trade Panthera leo bones from Africa to East-Southeast Asia. PLoS ONE; Forthcoming

9 Macdonald DW. Report on lion conservation with particular respect to the issue of trophy hunting. Report Oxford: WildCRU, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford 28 11 2016 Available: https://www.wildcru.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Report_on_lion_conservation.pdf

10 Adeola MO. Importance of wild animals and their parts in the culture, religious festivals, and traditional medicine, of Nigeria. Environ Conserv. 1992; 19(2): 125–134 doi: 10.1017/S0376892900030605

11 Afolayan TA. Synopsis of wildlife conservation in Nigeria. Environ Conserv. 1980; 7(3): 207–212 doi: 10.1017/S0376892900007591

12 Al Safi A. Traditional Sudanese medicine: a primer for health care providers, researchers and students. El Sudan: AZZA House; 2007.

13 ALERT. Lion Alert. Available: www.li onalert.org.

14 Alves RRN, Pinto LCL, Barboza RRD, Souto WMS, Oliviera REMCC, Vieira WLS. A global overview of carnivores used in traditional medicines. In: Alves RRN, Rosa IL, editors. Animals in traditional folk medicine Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag; 2013 pp. 171–206 doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-29026-8_9

15 Amir OG. Wildlife trade in Somalia. A report to the IUCN/SSC/Antelope Specialist Group–Northeast African Subgroup. 2006 Available: http://www.madhiban.com/somali-wildlife-trade.pdf

157 references, page 1 of 11
Abstract
The African lion is in decline across its range, and consumptive utilisation and trade of their body parts and skins has been postulated as a cause for concern. We undertook a pan-African questionnaire and literature survey to document informed opinion and evidence for the occurrence of domestic and international trade and consumption in African lion body parts across current and former range states. Sixty-five people from 18 countries participated in the online questionnaire survey (run from July 2014 to May 2015), with information provided for 28 countries (including 20 out of 24 countries believed to have extant populations). Respondents were experts within t...
Subjects
free text keywords: Digestive System, Lipids, Research Article, Anatomy, Research Design, Eukaryota, Surveys, Geographical locations, South Africa, Commerce, Head, Zootherapy, People and places, Fats, Teeth, Animals, Survey Research, Health Care, Jaw, Africa, Biology and Life Sciences, Research and Analysis Methods, Medicine, Vertebrates, Amniotes, Q, R, Economics, Cats, Mammals, Lions, Social Sciences, Science, Biochemistry, Organisms, Medicine and Health Sciences, International Trade
157 references, page 1 of 11

1 Bauer H, Packer C, Funston PF, Henschel P, Nowell K. Panthera leo. The IUCN Red List of th reatened species. 2016 Further information. Available: http://www.iucnredlist.org/attachments/2586. Cited 2 May 2017.

2 Bauer H, Chapron G, Nowell K, Henschel P, Funston P, Hunter LTB, et al Lion (Panthera leo) populations are declining rapidly across Africa, except in intensively managed areas. PNAS. 2015; 112: 14894–14899 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1500664112 26504235 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

3 Bauer H, Packer C, Funston PF, Henschel P, Nowell K. Panthera leo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T15951A79929984. Available: http://dx.doi.o rg/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T15951A107265605.en. Cited 1 Dec 2015.

4 Panthera, WILDAID & WildCRU. Beyond Cecil: Africa’s lions in crisis. Report; 2016. Available: http://letlionslive.org/LionReport.pdf

5 Williams VL, Newton DJ, Loveridge AJ, Macdonald DW. Bones of contention: an assessment of the South African trade in African lion Panthera leo bones and other body parts. Cambridge: TRAFFIC and Oxford: WildCRU; 2015 Available: http://www.traffic.org/species-reports/traffic_species_ mammals83.pdf

6 Williams VL, Loveridge AJ, Newton DJ, Macdonald DW. Tiger-bone trade could threaten lions. Nature. 2015; 523: 290 doi: 10.1038/523290a

7 Williams VL, Loveridge AJ, Newton DJ, Macdonald DW. ‘Skullduggery’: lions align and their mandibles rock!PLoS ONE. 2015; 10(11): e0135144 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135144 26536601 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

8 Williams VL, Loveridge AJ, Newton DJ, Macdonald DM. A roaring trade? The legal trade Panthera leo bones from Africa to East-Southeast Asia. PLoS ONE; Forthcoming

9 Macdonald DW. Report on lion conservation with particular respect to the issue of trophy hunting. Report Oxford: WildCRU, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford 28 11 2016 Available: https://www.wildcru.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Report_on_lion_conservation.pdf

10 Adeola MO. Importance of wild animals and their parts in the culture, religious festivals, and traditional medicine, of Nigeria. Environ Conserv. 1992; 19(2): 125–134 doi: 10.1017/S0376892900030605

11 Afolayan TA. Synopsis of wildlife conservation in Nigeria. Environ Conserv. 1980; 7(3): 207–212 doi: 10.1017/S0376892900007591

12 Al Safi A. Traditional Sudanese medicine: a primer for health care providers, researchers and students. El Sudan: AZZA House; 2007.

13 ALERT. Lion Alert. Available: www.li onalert.org.

14 Alves RRN, Pinto LCL, Barboza RRD, Souto WMS, Oliviera REMCC, Vieira WLS. A global overview of carnivores used in traditional medicines. In: Alves RRN, Rosa IL, editors. Animals in traditional folk medicine Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag; 2013 pp. 171–206 doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-29026-8_9

15 Amir OG. Wildlife trade in Somalia. A report to the IUCN/SSC/Antelope Specialist Group–Northeast African Subgroup. 2006 Available: http://www.madhiban.com/somali-wildlife-trade.pdf

157 references, page 1 of 11
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publication . Article . 2017

Questionnaire survey of the pan-African trade in lion body parts

Williams, Vivienne L.; Loveridge, Andrew J.; Newton, David J.; Macdonald, David W.;