publication . Article . 2017

Yellow and the Novel Aposematic Signal, Red, Protect Delias Butterflies from Predators

Wee, Jocelyn Liang Qi; Monteiro, Antónia;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2017 Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 12, issue 1 (issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
Abstract
Butterflies of the South Asian and Australian genus Delias possess striking colours on the ventral wings that are presumed to serve as warning signals to predators. However, this has not been shown empirically. Here we experimentally tested whether the colours of one member of this diverse genus, Delias hyparete, function as aposematic signals. We constructed artificial paper models with either a faithful colour representation of D. hyparete, or with all of its colours converted to grey scale. We also produced models where single colours were left intact, while others were converted to grey-scale or removed entirely. We placed all model types simultaneously in t...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: genetic structures
free text keywords: Trophic Interactions, Research Article, Data Management, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Predation, Taxonomy, Birds, Neurons, Photoreceptors, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology, Psychology, Phylogenetics, Animals, Evolutionary Systematics, Sensory Receptors, Sensory Perception, Cellular Types, Biology and Life Sciences, Computer and Information Sciences, Signal Transduction, Neuroscience, Afferent Neurons, Community Ecology, Arthropoda, Medicine, Animal Cells, Insects, Color Vision, Vertebrates, Cellular Neuroscience, Amniotes, Q, Vision, R, Moths and Butterflies, Animal Phylogenetics, Cell Biology, Wings, Social Sciences, Science, Organisms, Invertebrates, Animal Anatomy, Zoology
63 references, page 1 of 5

1 Rowe C, Guilford T. The Evolution of Multimodal Warning Displays. Evolutionary Ecology. 1999;13(7):655–71.

2 Leimar O, Enquist M, Sillen-Tullberg B. Evolutionary Stability of Aposematic Coloration and Prey Unprofitability: A Theoretical Analysis. The American Naturalist. 1986;128(4):469–90.

3 Brodie ED III. Differential avoidance of coral snak e banded patterns by free-ranging avian predators in Costa Rica. Evolution. 1993:227–35.

4 Santos JC, Coloma LA, Cannatella DC. Multiple, recurring origins of aposematism and diet specialization in poison frogs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2003;100(22):12792–7.

5 Saporito RA, Zuercher R, Roberts M, Gerow KG, Donnelly MA. Experimental evidence for aposematism in the dendrobatid poison frog Oophaga pumilio. Copeia. 2007;2007(4):1006–11.

6 Hristov N, Conner WE. Effectiveness of tiger moth (Lepidoptera, Arctiidae) chemical defenses against an insectivorous bat (Eptesicus fuscus). Chemoecology. 2005;15(2):105–13.

7 Tullberg BS, Merilaita S, Wiklund C. Aposematism and crypsis combined as a result of distance dependence: functional versatility of the colour pattern in the swallowtail butterfly larva. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. 2005;272(1570):1315–21. [OpenAIRE]

8 Moore B, Brown W. Identification of warning odour components, bitter principles and antifeedants in an aposematic beetle: Metriorrhynchus rhipidius (Coleoptera: Lycidae). Insect Biochemistry. 1981;11(5):493–9.

9 ExnerováA, SvádováK, Štys P, BarcalováS, LandováEVA, ProkopováM, et al Importance of colour in the r eaction of passerine predators to aposematic prey: experiments with mutants of Pyrrhocoris apterus (Heteroptera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2006;88(1):143–53.

10 Stevens M, Ruxton GD. Linking the evolution and form of warning coloration in nature. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. 2012;279(1728):417–26.

11 Mappes J, Marples N, Endler JA. The complex business of survival by aposematism. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 2005;20(11):598–603.16701442 [PubMed]

12 Aronsson M, Gamberale-Stille G. Domestic chicks primarily attend to colour, not pattern, when learning an aposematic coloration. Animal Behaviour. 2008;75(2):417–23.

13 Kauppinen J, Mappes J. Why are wasps so intimidating: field experiments on hunting dragonflies (Odonata: Aeshna grandis). Animal Behaviour. 2003;66(3):505–11.

14 Forsman A, Merilaita S. Fearful symmetry: pattern size and asymmetry affects aposematic signal efficacy. Evolutionary Ecology. 1999;13(2):131–40.

15 Prudic KL, Skemp AK, Papaj DR. Aposematic coloration, luminance contrast, and the benefits of conspicuousness. Behavioral Ecology. 2007;18(1):41–6. [OpenAIRE]

63 references, page 1 of 5
Abstract
Butterflies of the South Asian and Australian genus Delias possess striking colours on the ventral wings that are presumed to serve as warning signals to predators. However, this has not been shown empirically. Here we experimentally tested whether the colours of one member of this diverse genus, Delias hyparete, function as aposematic signals. We constructed artificial paper models with either a faithful colour representation of D. hyparete, or with all of its colours converted to grey scale. We also produced models where single colours were left intact, while others were converted to grey-scale or removed entirely. We placed all model types simultaneously in t...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: genetic structures
free text keywords: Trophic Interactions, Research Article, Data Management, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Predation, Taxonomy, Birds, Neurons, Photoreceptors, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology, Psychology, Phylogenetics, Animals, Evolutionary Systematics, Sensory Receptors, Sensory Perception, Cellular Types, Biology and Life Sciences, Computer and Information Sciences, Signal Transduction, Neuroscience, Afferent Neurons, Community Ecology, Arthropoda, Medicine, Animal Cells, Insects, Color Vision, Vertebrates, Cellular Neuroscience, Amniotes, Q, Vision, R, Moths and Butterflies, Animal Phylogenetics, Cell Biology, Wings, Social Sciences, Science, Organisms, Invertebrates, Animal Anatomy, Zoology
63 references, page 1 of 5

1 Rowe C, Guilford T. The Evolution of Multimodal Warning Displays. Evolutionary Ecology. 1999;13(7):655–71.

2 Leimar O, Enquist M, Sillen-Tullberg B. Evolutionary Stability of Aposematic Coloration and Prey Unprofitability: A Theoretical Analysis. The American Naturalist. 1986;128(4):469–90.

3 Brodie ED III. Differential avoidance of coral snak e banded patterns by free-ranging avian predators in Costa Rica. Evolution. 1993:227–35.

4 Santos JC, Coloma LA, Cannatella DC. Multiple, recurring origins of aposematism and diet specialization in poison frogs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2003;100(22):12792–7.

5 Saporito RA, Zuercher R, Roberts M, Gerow KG, Donnelly MA. Experimental evidence for aposematism in the dendrobatid poison frog Oophaga pumilio. Copeia. 2007;2007(4):1006–11.

6 Hristov N, Conner WE. Effectiveness of tiger moth (Lepidoptera, Arctiidae) chemical defenses against an insectivorous bat (Eptesicus fuscus). Chemoecology. 2005;15(2):105–13.

7 Tullberg BS, Merilaita S, Wiklund C. Aposematism and crypsis combined as a result of distance dependence: functional versatility of the colour pattern in the swallowtail butterfly larva. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. 2005;272(1570):1315–21. [OpenAIRE]

8 Moore B, Brown W. Identification of warning odour components, bitter principles and antifeedants in an aposematic beetle: Metriorrhynchus rhipidius (Coleoptera: Lycidae). Insect Biochemistry. 1981;11(5):493–9.

9 ExnerováA, SvádováK, Štys P, BarcalováS, LandováEVA, ProkopováM, et al Importance of colour in the r eaction of passerine predators to aposematic prey: experiments with mutants of Pyrrhocoris apterus (Heteroptera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2006;88(1):143–53.

10 Stevens M, Ruxton GD. Linking the evolution and form of warning coloration in nature. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. 2012;279(1728):417–26.

11 Mappes J, Marples N, Endler JA. The complex business of survival by aposematism. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 2005;20(11):598–603.16701442 [PubMed]

12 Aronsson M, Gamberale-Stille G. Domestic chicks primarily attend to colour, not pattern, when learning an aposematic coloration. Animal Behaviour. 2008;75(2):417–23.

13 Kauppinen J, Mappes J. Why are wasps so intimidating: field experiments on hunting dragonflies (Odonata: Aeshna grandis). Animal Behaviour. 2003;66(3):505–11.

14 Forsman A, Merilaita S. Fearful symmetry: pattern size and asymmetry affects aposematic signal efficacy. Evolutionary Ecology. 1999;13(2):131–40.

15 Prudic KL, Skemp AK, Papaj DR. Aposematic coloration, luminance contrast, and the benefits of conspicuousness. Behavioral Ecology. 2007;18(1):41–6. [OpenAIRE]

63 references, page 1 of 5
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publication . Article . 2017

Yellow and the Novel Aposematic Signal, Red, Protect Delias Butterflies from Predators

Wee, Jocelyn Liang Qi; Monteiro, Antónia;