publication . Article . 2016

Hypervirulent emm59 Clone in Invasive Group A Streptococcus Outbreak, Southwestern United States

David M. Engelthaler; Michael Valentine; Jolene Bowers; Jennifer Pistole; Elizabeth M. Driebe; Joel Terriquez; Linus Nienstadt; Mark Carroll; Mare Schumacher; Mary Ellen Ormsby; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Apr 2016 Journal: Emerging Infectious Diseases, volume 22, issue 4, pages 734-738 (issn: 1080-6040, eissn: 1080-6059, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Abstract
The hyper-virulent emm59 genotype of invasive group A Streptococcus was identified in northern Arizona in 2015. Eighteen isolates belonging to a genomic cluster grouped most closely with recently identified isolates in New Mexico. The continued transmission of emm59 in the southwestern United States poses a public health concern.
Subjects
free text keywords: pyogenes, Dispatch, group A Streptococcus, genomic epidemiology, Hypervirulent emm59 Clone in Invasive Group A Streptococcus Disease, Southwestern United States, bacteria, Arizona, WGST, Medicine, emm59, streptococci, Native Americans, R, polytomy WGST, RC109-216, Minnesota, Canada, Infectious and parasitic diseases, GAS, southwestern United States, California, Oregon, New Mexico, ADD MORE PRN

1. Hoge CW, Schwartz B, Talkington DF, Breiman RF, MacNeill EM, Englender SJ. The changing epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal infections and the emergence of streptococcal toxic shock–like syndrome. A retrospective population-based study.JAMA. 1993;269:384–9. 10.1001/jama.1993.03500030082037 8418346 [PubMed] [DOI]

2. Athey TB, Teatero S, Sieswerda LE, Gubbay JB, Marchand-Austin A, Li A, High incidence of invasive group A Streptococcus disease caused by strains of uncommon emm types in Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.J Clin Microbiol. 2016;54:83–92 .10.1128/JCM.02201-15 26491184 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

3. Harris AM, Yazzie D, Antone-Nez R, Dinè-Chacon G, Kinlacheeny JB, Foley D, Community-acquired invasive GAS disease among Native Americans, Arizona, USA, Winter 2013.Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21:177–9. 10.3201/eid2101.141148 25531562 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

4. Fittipaldi N, Beres SB, Olsen RJ, Kapur V, Shea PR, Watkins ME, Full-genome dissection of an epidemic of severe inv asive disease caused by a hypervirulent, recently emerged clone of group A Streptococcus.Am J Pathol. 2012;180:1522–34. 10.1016/j.ajpath.2011.12.037 22330677 [PubMed] [DOI]

5. Tyrrell GJ, Lovgren M, Ibrahim Q, Garg S, Chui L, Boone TJ, Epidemic of invasive pneumococcal disease, western Canada, 2005–2009.Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:733–40. 10.3201/eid1805.110235 22515944 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

6. Fittipaldi N, Olsen RJ, Beres SB, Van Beneden C, Musser JM. Genomic analysis of emm59 group A Streptococcus invasive strains, United States.Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:650–2. 10.3201/eid1804.111803 22469010 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

7. Olsen RJ, Fittipaldi N, Kachroo P, Sanson MA, Long SW, Como-Sabetti KJ, Clinical laboratory response to a mock outbreak of invasive bacterial infections: a preparedness study.J Clin Microbiol. 2014;52:4210–6. 10.1128/JCM.02164-14 25253790 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

8. Brown CC, Olsen RJ, Fittipaldi N, Mormon ML, Fort PL, Neuwirth R, Spread of virulent group A Streptococcus type emm59 from Montana to Wyoming, USA.Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:679–81. 10.3201/eid2004.130564 24655919 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

9. Driebe EM, Sahl JW, Roe CC, Bowers JR, Schupp JM, Gillece JD, Using whole genome analysis to examine Recombination Across Diverse Sequence Types of Staphylococcus aureus.PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0130955. 10.1371/journal.pone.0130955 26161978 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

10. Struve C, Roe CC, Stegger M, Stahlhut SG, Hansen DS, Engelthaler DM, Mapping the evolution of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae.MBio. 2015;6:e00630 . 10.1128/mBio.00630-15 26199326 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

11. Tamura K, Peterson D, Peterson N, Stecher G, Nei M, Kumar S. MEGA5: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using Streptococcus, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods.Mol Biol Evol. 2011;28:2731–9. 10.1093/molbev/msr121 21546353 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

12. Fittipaldi N, Tyrrell GJ, Low DE, Martin I, Lin D, Hari KL, Integrated whole-genome sequencing and temporospatial analysis of a continuing group A Streptococcus epidemic. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2013;2:e13.

13. Sanson M, O’Neill BE, Kachroo P, Anderson JR, Flores AR, Valson C, A naturally occurring single amino acid replacement in multiple gene regulator of group A Streptococcus significantly increases virulence.Am J Pathol. 2015;185:462–71 . 10.1016/j.ajpath.2014.10.018 25476528 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

14. Nasser W, Beres SB, Olsen RJ, Dean MA, Rice KA, Long SW, Evolutionary pathway to increased virulence and epidemic group A Streptococcus disease derived from 3,615 genome sequences.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:E1768–76. 10.1073/pnas.1 403138111 24733896 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

15. Turner CE, Abbott J, Lamagnic T, Holden MTG, David S, Jones MD, Emergence of a new highly successful acapsular group A Streptococcus clade of the genotype emm89.MBio. 2015;6:e00622–15 .10.1128/mBio.00622-15 26173696 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Abstract
The hyper-virulent emm59 genotype of invasive group A Streptococcus was identified in northern Arizona in 2015. Eighteen isolates belonging to a genomic cluster grouped most closely with recently identified isolates in New Mexico. The continued transmission of emm59 in the southwestern United States poses a public health concern.
Subjects
free text keywords: pyogenes, Dispatch, group A Streptococcus, genomic epidemiology, Hypervirulent emm59 Clone in Invasive Group A Streptococcus Disease, Southwestern United States, bacteria, Arizona, WGST, Medicine, emm59, streptococci, Native Americans, R, polytomy WGST, RC109-216, Minnesota, Canada, Infectious and parasitic diseases, GAS, southwestern United States, California, Oregon, New Mexico, ADD MORE PRN

1. Hoge CW, Schwartz B, Talkington DF, Breiman RF, MacNeill EM, Englender SJ. The changing epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal infections and the emergence of streptococcal toxic shock–like syndrome. A retrospective population-based study.JAMA. 1993;269:384–9. 10.1001/jama.1993.03500030082037 8418346 [PubMed] [DOI]

2. Athey TB, Teatero S, Sieswerda LE, Gubbay JB, Marchand-Austin A, Li A, High incidence of invasive group A Streptococcus disease caused by strains of uncommon emm types in Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.J Clin Microbiol. 2016;54:83–92 .10.1128/JCM.02201-15 26491184 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

3. Harris AM, Yazzie D, Antone-Nez R, Dinè-Chacon G, Kinlacheeny JB, Foley D, Community-acquired invasive GAS disease among Native Americans, Arizona, USA, Winter 2013.Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21:177–9. 10.3201/eid2101.141148 25531562 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

4. Fittipaldi N, Beres SB, Olsen RJ, Kapur V, Shea PR, Watkins ME, Full-genome dissection of an epidemic of severe inv asive disease caused by a hypervirulent, recently emerged clone of group A Streptococcus.Am J Pathol. 2012;180:1522–34. 10.1016/j.ajpath.2011.12.037 22330677 [PubMed] [DOI]

5. Tyrrell GJ, Lovgren M, Ibrahim Q, Garg S, Chui L, Boone TJ, Epidemic of invasive pneumococcal disease, western Canada, 2005–2009.Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:733–40. 10.3201/eid1805.110235 22515944 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

6. Fittipaldi N, Olsen RJ, Beres SB, Van Beneden C, Musser JM. Genomic analysis of emm59 group A Streptococcus invasive strains, United States.Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:650–2. 10.3201/eid1804.111803 22469010 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

7. Olsen RJ, Fittipaldi N, Kachroo P, Sanson MA, Long SW, Como-Sabetti KJ, Clinical laboratory response to a mock outbreak of invasive bacterial infections: a preparedness study.J Clin Microbiol. 2014;52:4210–6. 10.1128/JCM.02164-14 25253790 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

8. Brown CC, Olsen RJ, Fittipaldi N, Mormon ML, Fort PL, Neuwirth R, Spread of virulent group A Streptococcus type emm59 from Montana to Wyoming, USA.Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20:679–81. 10.3201/eid2004.130564 24655919 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

9. Driebe EM, Sahl JW, Roe CC, Bowers JR, Schupp JM, Gillece JD, Using whole genome analysis to examine Recombination Across Diverse Sequence Types of Staphylococcus aureus.PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0130955. 10.1371/journal.pone.0130955 26161978 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

10. Struve C, Roe CC, Stegger M, Stahlhut SG, Hansen DS, Engelthaler DM, Mapping the evolution of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae.MBio. 2015;6:e00630 . 10.1128/mBio.00630-15 26199326 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

11. Tamura K, Peterson D, Peterson N, Stecher G, Nei M, Kumar S. MEGA5: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using Streptococcus, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods.Mol Biol Evol. 2011;28:2731–9. 10.1093/molbev/msr121 21546353 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

12. Fittipaldi N, Tyrrell GJ, Low DE, Martin I, Lin D, Hari KL, Integrated whole-genome sequencing and temporospatial analysis of a continuing group A Streptococcus epidemic. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2013;2:e13.

13. Sanson M, O’Neill BE, Kachroo P, Anderson JR, Flores AR, Valson C, A naturally occurring single amino acid replacement in multiple gene regulator of group A Streptococcus significantly increases virulence.Am J Pathol. 2015;185:462–71 . 10.1016/j.ajpath.2014.10.018 25476528 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

14. Nasser W, Beres SB, Olsen RJ, Dean MA, Rice KA, Long SW, Evolutionary pathway to increased virulence and epidemic group A Streptococcus disease derived from 3,615 genome sequences.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:E1768–76. 10.1073/pnas.1 403138111 24733896 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

15. Turner CE, Abbott J, Lamagnic T, Holden MTG, David S, Jones MD, Emergence of a new highly successful acapsular group A Streptococcus clade of the genotype emm89.MBio. 2015;6:e00622–15 .10.1128/mBio.00622-15 26173696 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

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publication . Article . 2016

Hypervirulent emm59 Clone in Invasive Group A Streptococcus Outbreak, Southwestern United States

David M. Engelthaler; Michael Valentine; Jolene Bowers; Jennifer Pistole; Elizabeth M. Driebe; Joel Terriquez; Linus Nienstadt; Mark Carroll; Mare Schumacher; Mary Ellen Ormsby; ...