Lignin-Furfural Based Adhesives

Article, Other literature type English OPEN
Dongre, Prajakta ; Driscoll, Mark ; Amidon, Thomas ; Bujanovic, Biljana (2015)
  • Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
  • Journal: Energies, volume 8, issue 8 7, pages 1-18 (issn: 1996-1073)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/en8087897
  • Subject: lignin; hot-water extraction; sugar maple; lignin adhesive blend; furfural; phenol-formaldehyde (PF) | hot-water extraction | lignin adhesive blend | furfural | lignin | Technology | phenol-formaldehyde (PF) | T | sugar maple
    • jel: jel:Q0 | jel:Q | jel:Q4 | jel:Q47 | jel:Q49 | jel:Q48 | jel:Q43 | jel:Q42 | jel:Q41 | jel:Q40
    mesheuropmc: food and beverages | technology, industry, and agriculture

Lignin recovered from the hot-water extract of sugar maple ( Acer saccharum ) is used in this study to synthesize adhesive blends to replace phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin. Untreated lignin is characterized by lignin content and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis. The molecular weight distribution of the lignin and the blends are characterized by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The effect of pH (0.3, 0.65 and 1), ex situ furfural, and curing conditions on the tensile properties of adhesive reinforced glass fibers is determined and compared to the reinforcement level of commercially available PF resin. The adhesive blend prepared at pH = 0.65 with no added furfural exhibits the highest tensile properties and meets 90% of the PF tensile strength.
  • References (58)
    58 references, page 1 of 6

    1. Pizzi, A. Wood Adhesives; Mittal, K.L., Ed.; CRC Press: Leiden, The Netherlands; Boston, MA, USA, 2011.

    2. Kent, J.A. Kent and Riegel's Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology, 11th ed.; Springer: New York, NY, USA, 2007.

    3. Pizzi, A. Advanced Wood Adhesives Technology; CRC Press: New York, NY, USA, 1994.

    4. Jin, Y.; Cheng, X.; Zheng, Z. Preparation and characterization of phenol-formaldehyde adhesives modified with enzymatic hydrolysis lignin. Bioresour. Technol. 2010, 101, 2046-2048.

    5. Zhang, W.; Ma, Y.; Wang, C.; Li, S.; Zhang, M.; Chu, F. Preparation and properties of lignin-phenol-formaldehyde resins based on different biorefinery residues of agricultural biomass. Ind. Crops Prod. 2013, 43, 326-333.

    6. Ҫetin, N.S.; Ӧzmen, N. Studies on Lignin-Based Adhesives for Particleboard Panels. Turk. J. Agric. For. 2003, 27, 183-189.

    7. Wolfgang, H.; Jürgen, L. Phenolic Resins. In Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Somerset, NJ, USA, 2011.

    8. Gardziella, A.; Pilato, L.; Knop, A. Phenolic Resins: Chemistry, Applications, Standardization, Safety and Ecology, 2nd ed.; Springer: New York, NY, USA, 2000.

    9. Chung, H.; Washburn, N.R. Chemistry of lignin-based materials. Green Mater. 2012, 1, 137-160.

    10. Ye, P.; Cheng, L.; Ma, H.; Bujanovic, B.; Goundalkar, M.J.; Amidon, T.E. Biorefinery with Water. In The Role of Green Chemistry in Biomass Processing and Conversion; Xie, H., Gathergood, N., Eds.; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, USA, 2012; pp. 135-180.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark