Lignin-Furfural Based Adhesives
Article, Other literature type
- Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
lignin; hot-water extraction; sugar maple; lignin adhesive blend; furfural; phenol-formaldehyde (PF) | hot-water extraction | lignin adhesive blend | furfural | lignin | Technology | phenol-formaldehyde (PF) | T | sugar maple
mesheuropmc: food and beverages | technology, industry, and agriculture
Lignin recovered from the hot-water extract of sugar maple ( Acer saccharum ) is used in this study to synthesize adhesive blends to replace phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin. Untreated lignin is characterized by lignin content and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis. The molecular weight distribution of the lignin and the blends are characterized by size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The effect of pH (0.3, 0.65 and 1), ex situ furfural, and curing conditions on the tensile properties of adhesive reinforced glass fibers is determined and compared to the reinforcement level of commercially available PF resin. The adhesive blend prepared at pH = 0.65 with no added furfural exhibits the highest tensile properties and meets 90% of the PF tensile strength.