Updating Animal Welfare Thinking: Moving beyond the “Five Freedoms” towards “A Life Worth Living”

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Mellor, David J.;
  • Publisher: MDPI
  • Journal: Animals : an Open Access Journal from MDPI,volume 6,issue 3 (issn: 2076-2615, eissn: 2076-2615)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC4810049, doi: 10.3390/ani6030021
  • Subject: animal welfare management | barren environments | QL1-991 | SF600-1100 | Opinion | negative experiences | enrichment | five freedoms | lives worth living | five domains | Veterinary medicine | quality of life | positive experiences | Zoology

Simple Summary The Five Freedoms were formulated in the early 1990s and are now well recognised as highly influential in the animal welfare arena. However, a marked increase in scientific understanding over the last two decades now shows that the Five Freedoms do not ca... View more
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