An Experimental Analysis of Design Choices of Multi-objective Ant Colony Optimization Algorithms

Article English OPEN
López-Ibáñez, Manuel ; Stützle, Thomas (2012)
  • Publisher: SPRINGER
  • Journal: (issn: 1935-3812)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1007/s11721-012-0070-7
  • Subject: Multi-objective traveling salesman problem | Recherche opérationnelle | Intelligence artificielle | Ant colony optimization | Experimental analysis | Multi-objective optimization
    acm: ComputingMethodologies_ARTIFICIALINTELLIGENCE

There have been several proposals on how to apply the ant colony optimization (ACO) metaheuristic to multi-objective combinatorial optimization problems (MOCOPs). This paper proposes a new formulation of these multi-objective ant colony optimization (MOACO) algorithms. This formulation is based on adding specific algorithm components for tackling multiple objectives to the basic ACO metaheuristic. Examples of these components are how to represent multiple objectives using pheromone and heuristic information, how to select the best solutions for updating the pheromone information, and how to define and use weights to aggregate the different objectives. This formulation reveals more similarities than previously thought in the design choices made in existing MOACO algorithms. The main contribution of this paper is an experimental analysis of how particular design choices affect the quality and the shape of the Pareto front approximations generated by each MOACO algorithm. This study provides general guidelines to understand how MOACO algorithms work, and how to improve their design. © 2012 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC.
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