This paper was produced for the El-Naschie Symposium on Nonlinear Dynamics in Shanghai in December 2005. In this paper we provide a review of the literature with respect to fluctuations in real systems and chaos. In doing so, we contrast the order and organization hypot... View more
 Ǻrhem, Peter, Clas Blomberg, and Hans Liljenström. Disorder Versus Order in Brain Function. World Scientific (2000).
 Bak, P., C. Tang, and K. Wiesenfeld. “Self-Organized Criticality: An Explanation of 1/f Noise.” Physical Review Letters 59 (1987), 381-384.
 Barnett, Willian A. and Ping Chen. “The Aggregation-Theoretic Monetary Aggregates are Chaotic and Have Strange Attractors: An Econometric Application of Mathematical Chaos.” In Barnett, W.A., E. Berndt, and H. White (eds.), Dynamic Econometic Modelling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1988).
 Garfinkel, Alan, Mark L. Spano, William L. Ditto, and JamesN. Weiss. “Controlling Cardiac Chaos.” Science 257 (1992), 1230-1235.
 Hilborn, Robert C. Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers. New York: Oxford University Press (1994).
 Mandelbrot, Benoit B. “Self-Affine Fractals and Fractal Dimension.” Physica Scripta 32 (1985), 257-260.
 Ruelle, David. “Where Can One Hope to Profitably Apply the Ideas of Chaos?” Physics Today 47 (1994), 24-30.
 Schiff, Steven J., Kristin Jerger, Duc H. Duong, Taeun Chang, Mark L. Spano, and William L. Ditto. “Controlling Chaos in the Brain.” Nature 370 (1994), 615-620.
 Serletis, Apostolos and Periklis Gogas. “Chaos in East European Black Market Exchange Rates.” Research in Economics 51 (1997), 359-385.