Muscle dysmorphia: current insights

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Tod, D.; Edwards, Christian; Cranswick, I.;
  • Publisher: Dove Medical Press
  • Journal: Psychology Research and Behavior Management, volume 9, pages 179-188 (issn: 1179-1578, eissn: 1179-1578)
  • Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
  • Identifiers: pmc: PMC4977020, doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S97404
  • Subject: Industrial psychology | RC1200 | BF | Psychology | Psychology Research and Behavior Management | psychopathology | mental health | HF5548.7-5548.85 | Review | self-perceptions | BF1-990 | body image

David Tod1 Christian Edwards2 Ieuan Cranswick1 1School of Sport and Exercise Science, Faculty of Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, Merseyside, 2Institute of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Worcester, Worcester, Worcestershire, UK Abstract: ... View more
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    6. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Washington, DC: APA; 2013.

    7. Ahmad A, Rotherham N, Talwar D. Muscle dysmorphia: one in 10 men in gyms believed to have 'bigorexia'. BBC Newsbeat. 2015. Available from: Accessed June 10, 2016.

    8. LeisureDB. 2015 State of the UK Fitness Industry Report. London, England: LeisureDB; 2015.

    9. Cafri G, Olivardia R, Thompson JK. Symptom characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity among males with muscle dysmorphia. Compr Psychiatry. 2008;49(4):374-379.

    10. Olivardia R, Pope HG Jr, Hudson JI. Muscle dysmorphia in male weightlifters: a case-control study. Am J Psychiatry. 2000;157(8):1291-1296.

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