The Effect of Taxes and Bans on Passive Smoking

Research, Article, Preprint OPEN
Jérôme Adda ; Francesca Cornaglia (2006)
  • Publisher: Institute for Fiscal Studies Department of Economics, UCL
  • Subject: I1 | Passive smoking, Taxes, Bans | taxes | passive smoking | bans | Gesundheitspolitik | Soziale Schicht | Tabaksteuer | Rauchen
    • jel: jel:I1 | jel:H
      ddc: ddc:330
    mesheuropmc: health care economics and organizations

This paper evaluates the effect of excise taxes and bans on smoking in public places on the exposure to tobacco smoke of non-smokers. We use a novel way of quantifying passive smoking: we use data on cotinine concentration- a metabolite of nicotine- measured in a large population of non-smokers over time. Exploiting state and time variation across US states, we reach two important conclusions. First, excise taxes have a significant effect on passive smoking. Second, smoking bans have on average no effects on non smokers. While bans in public transportation or in schools decrease the exposure of non smokers, bans in recreational public places can in fact perversely increase their exposure by displacing smokers to private places where they contaminate non smokers, and in particular young children. Bans affect socioeconomic groups differently: we find that smoking bans increase the exposure of poorer individuals, while it decreases the exposure of richer individuals, leading to widening health disparities.
  • References (1)

    Levy DT, and KB Friend (2003), “The effects of clean indoor air laws: what do we know and what do we need to know?”, Health Educ Res, 18(5), 592-609.

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